The Relationship Between Telemachus and Odysseus Essay Example for Free
Eventually, the family is reunited, order is restored, and the story of Odysseus is we then understand the true relationship between the hero and his son; this is the At the advice of Athene, he tells the suitors that they are no longer welcome. An infant when Odysseus left for Troy, Telemachus is about twenty at the beginning of the story. He is a natural obstacle to the suitors desperately courting his. He sends his own son Pisistratus along to accompany Telemachus to Sparta, and Meanwhile, the suitors at Odysseus's house learn of Telemachus's voyage .
It is just as if a deer had put her little unweaned fawns to sleep in a mighty lion's den and gone to range the high ridges and the grassy dales for pasture.
Back comes the lion to his lair, and hideous carnage falls upon them all. But Odysseus returned and no one of them escaped the palace alive. Penelope says that no one was dealt, because of the Trojan Wara heavier blow than her.
For during the time her husband was away, she, not knowing whether he was dead or alive, passed her days in continuous mourning, founding relief only in tears or sleep. Some could reasonably tell her that Odysseus was not the only man who never returned from Troyand she could find the argument perfectly wise.
And yet, when she retired upstairs to her room, she would weep again for her beloved husband. How Odysseus won and lost Penelope Odysseus joined the alliance against Troy reluctantly, for this man did not dream of war and adventures, but instead of a quiet life at home.The Odyssey by Homer - Book 2 Summary and Analysis
Some would say that the gods planned it all, and that mortals have no choice against their will. And they may be right: In any case, Odysseus and Penelope had lived in Ithaca several years and Telemachus was just a babe, when King Agamemnon 's agent Palamedes came to the island and destroyed their family life by outwitting Odysseusand forcing him to comply with the oath he himself had invented and join the alliance that was being formed in order to sail to Troy and demand, by persuasion or by force, the restoration of Helen and the property stolen by the seducer Paris when he, guided by Aphroditevisited Sparta.
Palamedes did his duty, and Odysseus was bound to comply. Nevertheless, Odysseus held him responsible for having to leave country, wife, and child, and for that reason he plotted against Palamedesand had him stoned to death by the army as a traitor when they were fighting at Troy.
This war, which was not a minor one but instead a huge catastrophe which provoked the ruin, not only of the Trojan house, but also of many states in Hellas, lasted ten years. Euripides, Daughters of Troy And she even offered him immortality to tempt him to stay, but Odysseuslonging to see the day of his return home, refused the life of a god.
A Hero and His Son:
Such was the love of this man for his wife. As time went by, however, and all the survivors of the war except Odysseus had reached their homes while minstrels were already singing about the war as belonging to the past, some started to believe that he would never return.
And when they thought that Queen Penelope had been left a widow, which was not an extraordinary thought, considering that so many years had passed and neither Odysseus nor his army had returned, they presented themselves at the palace, asking her to choose the one whom she considered the best suited to be her new husband.
However, they did not wait for her answer in their own houses, but instead they gradually turned into an arrogant and insolent mob, imposing themselves and consuming Odysseus ' estate for their own sustenance. In this manner, they spent their time slaughtering the sheep and fatted cattle belonging to the palace in order to provide their great parties with food. This was the life they led at Odysseus ' home, and with such a crowd filling the palace, there was always an uproar at those times, and since they had a remarkable appetite for banquets and feasts, complete ruin could be feared.
That is why Telemachus said: And that is why Telemachus proposed them to feast themselves elsewhere, giving them formal notice to quit his palace in front of the Ithacan assembly. For Telemachus saw these young men who pestered his mother with unwanted attentions and wasted his wealth as a disease and an outrage to decency. And it was her, they argued, who had forced them to act as they did.
For she had fooled them during three years with The Shroud of Laertes, saying that she would marry once she had finished this piece of work. But she, deceiving everybody, unravelled by night what she wove by day, and so, they reasoned, in order to avoid to be fooled again, they would have to stay and undermine the palace's finances until she decided to abandon her reluctant attitude.
These were the means by which the SUITORS expected to force Penelope to make a choice, and by letting Telemachus suffer and see his wealth consumed, they hoped that he would persuade his mother to marry one of them. But not always those who act unjustly are aware of the consequences that come with their deeds, in particular when they are guided by the enthusiasm and the ambition of youth.
For there are many who risk their own skins in situations which they deem to be quite innocent, but that unexpectedly become their ruin. For later, when Odysseus returned, and unleashing his wrath provoked a blood bath not leaving one single suitor alive, they protested and even revolted, but now, while their darling children abused Odysseus ' household, they sat in abject silence, not daring to condemn the outrage.
And since nobody among those who counted for the SUITORS, condemned or admonished them, they dared to push their luck even further, declaring that if Odysseus would suddenly appear he would meet an ugly end, which means that from thoughtless SUITORS they were turning into rebels and instigators of rebellion.
This is how things which are relatively small, looking as if they were childish pranks, fall, step by step, out of proportion.
The Relationship Between Telemachus and Odysseus Essay
But then it has been said of Discord that she has in the beginning an insignificant appearance, reaching soon heaven with her head while having her feet still on the ground. For one thing is to be the suitor of a widow, another to be an unwanted suitor, and yet another to think about making the woman a widow in case her husband proved to be alive after all.
And once the SUITORS started thinking this last thought, it was not difficult for them to go even further and plot, although in vain, against the life of Telemachusfearing that he would return from his trip to Pylos and Sparta with for them unwelcome news about his father. For being persuaded that Odysseus was dead, they did not pay court to the widow in the regular way, but instead sat in his palace eating up his livelihood by consuming large amounts of meat and wine.
However, some among them did not feel ready to carry on this murderous plan, and they adjourned their decision in this matter. And while the servant took a place near TelemachusOdysseuslimping along with the aid of a staff and looking like a distressful beggar, went round collecting scraps from the SUITORS. They say that it was the goddess Athena who inspired him to go round the table, so that he would learn to distinguish the good from the bad among the SUITORS.
And yet, they say, this did not mean that any of them would be saved from destruction and death. For it was a delusion to think, he explained, that father and brothers would stand by them, and he added: This is an important premise in the character of Telemachus.
In the timeline of The Odyssey, the "real time" begins in book 1, then continues until book 4; books are a "flashback" of the adventures of Odysseus, then in book 13, we are returned to the original timeline, which continues until the end of the epic in book The most important part of The Odyssey is told in books and ; books are necessary to rationalize the absence of Odysseus during which Telemachus grows up without the physical presence of a father.
I find books and to be much more meaningful than the middle section, which is simply a series of tall tales about Odysseus contending with creatures of two basic types: Books could have been "surgically removed" and replaced with an infinite number of other adventure stories, and the continuity of the real story would have been preserved.
In book 1, Telemachus is visited by Athene in disguise. The very fact that Athene would even bother with Telemachus indicates that he has the potential to achieve greatness, as his father has. He shows considerable understanding when he tells the disguised Athene about his missing father and the behavior of the suitors 5-b. When Athene "flew away like a bird," and Telemachus realizes that he has been visited by a god, he knew that he was not totally powerless.
He "felt the change," which meant that he now knew that he could no longer just feel sorry for himself; he had to do something 7-b.
Telemachus is only about 20 years old; he was at that crucial age where he was no longer a child, but not yet a man. At the advice of Athene, he tells the suitors that they are no longer welcome, and that even if Odysseus is dead, they will be dealing with Telemachus, the new master of the house.
He declares, "I will be chief in my own house" 9-t. This was probably the first time that Telemachus had ever stood up to anyone in such a way.
It was a very brave act, considering that the suitors could have killed him on the spot. It was as if he was telling them that not if but when he defeated them, they could not say that he did not warn them.
In book 2, Telemachus continues his new resolve by calling an open assembly in Ithaca to state his position publicly. The first paragraph of book 2 tells us that he carefully dressed himself in a manner consistent with that of a man, since he expected to be taken seriously m. However, after boldly declaring his position, he "dashed his staff to the ground and burst into tears," which shows us the other side of his personality.
He is, after all, new at this "tough guy" stance, and he will have moments of indecision, and self-doubt. Telemachus then travels to visit Nestor in book 3, and then Menelaus in book 4, to try to get information regarding his missing father.
These books expand the character of Telemachus, somewhat, and provide a link to The Iliad, the prequel to this epic. Several people comment that Telemachus is very much like his father, adding support to the idea that Telemachus has the potential to become a great man like his father.
After the lengthy flashback chapters, we return to the timeline in book Books 13 and 14 are about the return of Odysseus to Ithaca and of his gradual insinuation into his own house. Athene disguises him as an old beggar so that he can carefully evaluate the situation with the suitors b.
In book 15, Athene again appears to Telemachus, this time in her true form.
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His faith that his father is indeed still alive and that he will return to Ithaca is renewed, and he returns home to wait for him t. Finally in book 16, father and son meet for the first time. At their first meeting Odysseus is in disguise; then Athene temporarily removes the disguise and Telemachus sees his father as he really is.
After the initial moment of doubt, Telemachus "threw his arms around his father and wept" m. It is significant that Odysseus has trusted his son unconditionally with his identity and his plan for revenge against the suitors. Odysseus had never met his son; how did he know that Telemachus was up to such a challenge?
Telemachus could have been a sniveling coward who would faint at the sight of blood, or worse yet, a traitor who would warn the suitors of Odysseus' plans.
Suitors of Penelope - Wikipedia
Apparently, Odysseus believes that since Telemachus was his son, that was a good enough reason to trust him. Of course, Athene made Odysseus aware of the true nature of Telemachus. By the time we get to book 20, Odysseus is in his own house, disguised as a beggar. When one of the suitors throws a "heifer's foot" at Odysseus, Telemachus again rebukes the suitors, this time with considerable conviction, now that he knows that his father has returned.