### BBC Bitesize - GCSE Combined Science - Momentum - Higher - AQA - Revision 1

Learn what momentum and impulse are, as well as how they are related to force. This simple relationship means that doubling either the mass or velocity of an. Conservation of Linear Momentum: Formula and Examples . This relationship can be described in an equation: momentum = mass x velocity. If you increase both mass and velocity, the momentum goes up even more. After the catch, there is a total mass of 50kg moving at a speed of meters per second, so the final momentum is x50 = 25, the total final amount is equal to.

Watch this video on area under rate function to learn more about how to use the area under a curve to evaluate the product of the quantities on the axes. The concept of impulse that is both external and internal to a system is also fundamental to understanding conservation of momentum.

### Linear Momentum: Definition, Equation, and Examples - Video & Lesson Transcript | pdl-inc.info

Momentum in space Most people are familiar with seeing astronauts working in orbit. They appear to effortlessly push around freely floating objects. Because astronauts and the objects they are working with are both in free-fallthey do not have to contend with the force of gravity.

However, heavy moving objects still possess the same momentum that they do on earth, and it can be just as difficult to change this momentum. The reasoning behind this is that the semi-truck has more momentum than the bike. Momentum simply means mass in motion.

The semi-truck has a large momentum because it is very massive, but it also has a large speed, which influences momentum, as well. The bike also has momentum because it has a large speed, but because its mass is less than that of the truck, its momentum is also less.

This relationship can be described in an equation: You may remember that velocity is speed with direction, so if an object has a large speed, it also has a large velocity. Our momentum equation can be simplified even more by substituting the words for symbols: As you can see, if you increase one of the variables on the right side of the equation, either the mass or the velocity, the momentum on the left side must also go up in order to keep both sides equal.

Consider a Mack truck and a roller skate moving down the street at the same speed.

### Momentum - Wikipedia

The considerably greater mass of the Mack truck gives it a considerably greater momentum. Yet if the Mack truck were at rest, then the momentum of the least massive roller skate would be the greatest.

The momentum of any object that is at rest is 0. Objects at rest do not have momentum - they do not have any " mass in motion. The momentum equation can help us to think about how a change in one of the two variables might affect the momentum of an object.

## What are momentum and impulse?

The total mass of loaded cart is 1. If the cart was instead loaded with three 0.

A doubling of the mass results in a doubling of the momentum. Similarly, if the 2. A quadrupling in velocity results in a quadrupling of the momentum.