Saint George and the Dragon - Wikipedia
including the legend of his fight with a dragon and why this Roman The king decreed that the human sacrifice should be chosen by lot. Get information on Greek and Roman mythology, including names of gods and Cadmus: Brother of Europa; planter of dragon seeds from which first Thebans sprang. . became wife of Oedipus; hanged herself when relationship was discovered. Pandora: Opener of box containing human ills; mortal wife of Epimetheus. Andres Dragon Jr. EARLY GREEK EDUCATION and ROMAN EDUCATION Reporter: Nino Angelo C. Aniciete EARLY Athens was the first state where there was freedom to develop all human capacities (many . the laws of the twelve tables, which defined private and public relationship and human and property rights.
Inspired by the Arthurian tradition, the authors suggest that the training of a young boy as a warrior requires that he be mentored by a man other than his own father.
In many cases, the father is entirely absent, a dim figure who never appears on the stage King Arthur's father Uther Pendragon actually gave his son up to be raised in the woods, then proceeded to die during the boy's absence A mentor is not the same as a father. Our fathers are too close to us to play the role of mentor or initiator The father figure and more specifically his professional interest, is often rejected in favor of something different, new and more exciting If Dad is vice president of the local bank the Warrior child may rove the world as a hired mercenary.
Therefore, in traditional societies, the mentor role is often played by a male relative. The point is made that initiation is the rite of passage which transforms a young boy into a warrior. In very fact, some churches are now substituting initiation ceremonies for the "new birth" which is only accomplished by the Holy Spirit, and never through rite or ceremony.
A neo-Evangelical magazine, Sojourners, claims to be "Rooted in the solid ground of prophetic biblical tradition…a progressive Christian voice…. Rediscovering Rites of Passage for Our Time. Richard Rohr relates five difficult male initiation truths: You are going to die. You are not that important. You are not in control.
Your life is not about you. By Richard Rohr, O. Someplace in the natural world, apart from what has become predictable. Sacred space, such as the "sacred circle," is a physical area that has been ritually set apart for paranormal conditions to exist. Just what is needed for survival and ritual. No radios, tape players, newspapers, or books to hide in. Each young man has a special journal, perhaps presented by his mother before he leaves, which he is guided to write in at least twice a day.
Honest feelings, fears, desires, prayers, and experiences must be named personally and safely or the young man will not go deep inside. From a minimum of four days to whatever is workable. If work cannot be taken off or schedules changed, the message of intense significance will not be given. Create expectation long beforehand in whatever ways you can devise: Three stages with the young man must be ritualized, experienced, and talked about: Leaving, letting go, separation from boyhood, irresponsibility, his former status, and the seeing of women and older men as his servants.
This can be done through some kind of death ritual, whereby he accepts the eternal pattern of dying as the prerequisite for all rebirth. Elders tell a bit of their story. Experiencing an alternative universe now. Normally some time of extended silence, solitude, and deprivation wherein he can learn to draw upon deeper resources than he is presently aware of. The "desert" of Jesus, the vision quest of the native peoples "secularized in boot camp and athletic training" must be made sacred again, but not "churchy.
Incorporating and affiliating with "sacred manhood. There can be a celebration ritual and symbols given, but don't overdo anything. A stark and clear understatement is safer for the male. If he does not feel manipulated or told what to feel, he is more likely to trust his real experience.
At a time when elders have themselves been "initiated into the mysteries" and have something to say about reality, God, suffering, community, transformation, and growth. When boys are prepared, given expectation, but also can come with genuine freedom. The ritual can only be done if there is some "common wonderful," some shared goodness, some "great idea" that the elders already have between them.
Unless there is a collective wisdom that the boy is being initiated into, it will not have depth or endurance. It might take a year for the elders to find what it is themselves! Then initiate the next generation. This publication appeals to the legend of King Arthur and his Knights of the Round Table to recommend that Christian fathers return to the wisdom of medieval paganism for the training of their sons. The following excerpt, from a section of Robert Lewis' book titled "The Knight and His Round Table," recommends that men become bonded with other men through the mystical power of ceremony: At an early age, the page left home and entered into a mentoring relationship with an older man, usually a cousin or an uncle… Boys become men in the community of men.
There is no substitute for this vital component. Dad, if your boy is to become a man, you must enlist the community Bonded through the mystical power of ceremony, [they] become mentors to these young men If you are serious about moving your son to manhood, begin asking the Lord to lead you to a small community of men Not unlike other New Age propaganda, Raising a Modern-Day Knight attempts to inculcate Christians with the notion that the knights of medieval Europe were honorable men.
But whatever their conduct in such respects as these, their reputation for accuracy, honesty and integrity in financial affairs remained untarnished.
EARLY GREEK EDUCATION and ROMAN EDUCATION | Andres Dragon Jr. - pdl-inc.info
One might not like them, but one knew one could rely on them… "In theory, canon law forbade Christians to engage in usury, the collecting of interest on loans. One might expect this interdict to have been applied even more stringently to an institution as ostensibly pious as the Temple.
Nevertheless, the Temple lent money, and collected interest, on a massive scale. In one proven case, the agreed rate of interest on late payment of debt was 60 percent per year - 17 percent more than Jewish money-lenders were allowed to claim… "Among biblical texts, they constantly invoked Joshua and Maccabees, promoting themselves as latterday avatars of the army that toppled the walls of Jericho, the army that nearly defeated Rome in the years just prior to the Christian era… "Amidst the mystique surrounding the Order of the Temple, a number of echoes and images thus become fused.
Nor was military prowess the only virtue. The Templars appear in The Persevalus not just as military men, but also as high mystical initiates. This is indicative, for the Templars were only too eager to reinforce the popular image of themselves as magi, as wizards or sorcerers, as necromancers, as alchemists, as sages privy to lofty arcane secrets.
And indeed, it was precisely this image that rebounded upon them and provided their enemies with the means of their destruction. Indeed, the severed head is now regarded as one of the hallmarks of ancient Celtic culture…At the same time, the Templars had their own 'cult of the head. Raising a Modern-Day Knight: Fathers - Join the Knights of the Round Table "Out of the Dark Ages rose noble characters to preserve and maintain law, justice, and social order.
They became gentle men, men of valor, principled men-Knights. All knights swore an oath to and lived by a code of conduct: A knight who broke his oath was charged with treason for betraying the order of knighthood.
These ideals combined with the well-defined mentoring process made a boy into a knight.
European dragon - Wikipedia
By age eight, a boy left his mother's care and became a page, learning the rudiments of knighthood under a mentor. By age 14, he became a squire, a knight's servant, while perfecting his skills through discipline and hard work. When he turned 21, he was eligible for knighthood. His ceremony was memorable--a ritual cleansing, ceremonial dress, a day of fasting and a night of prayer, confession, communion, a review of his moral, religious, social, and military duties, and, finally, a question.
For what purpose do you desire to enter the order? If it be riches, to take your ease, and be held in honor without doing honor to knighthood, you are unworthy of it. Yes, it can be done. For fathers, Robert Lewis outlines a practical guide to teach and live these ideals, mentoring your son in the process to become a knight. What is a Man?
What are his responsibilities, his beliefs, his behavior, and his goals? When does a boy become a man in our society? When he gets his driver's license, joins the Army, takes a woman to bed, or financially provides for himself? First, Raising a Modern-Day Knight provides a vision for manhood.
It characterizes a man who rejects passivity, accepts responsibility, leads courageously, and expects the greater reward-God's reward. Second, it defines a Biblical code of conduct: Finally, it establishes a superior cause to work towards which can only be satisfied in Jesus Christ.
Through godly example, teachable moments, inspiring stories, and positive affirmations, a father helps his young knight discover a will to obey God, to employ God's gifts, and to respect women. Are you ready to be a knightly example for your son? Work for the King and become His knight. Pass it on to your son. A righteous man who walks in integrity-how blessed are his sons after him. A high spiritual power wrote the name of the knight who should sit in each chair.
Each knight must pass certain tests of valor before he could occupy a chair at the table. Spiritually every aspirant to the holy life is tested before being permitted to enter into the activities of the special inner circle. The chair remains vacant until the perfect knight appears, portrayed by Sir Galahad who said, 'It is here that I must renounce all things in order that I may gain all.
The Call To Renewal is a coalition of various Christian and Catholic denominations and ministries that have appointed themselves "Christians for a New Political Vision. As convener Jim Wallis and field organizer Rev. New alliances are being built between groups that historically have not worked together The Pentecost activities this spring will be an opportunity to announce the formation of these new tables around the country.
Following special worship services in local congregations, public events will proclaim the beginning of a new Call to Renewal table. President Clinton has been affiliated with the three leading New World Order organizations: Colin Powell is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, which is a virtual showcase of roundtable discussion groups.
The symbolic golden round table of King Arthur will eventually manifest on earth where varieties of leaders, political, scientific, spiritual, from all nations of the world, will dedicate their lives to international objectives for the benefit of all, above nationalism, above religionism, above personality, for the benefit of all peoples.
Dragons in History
This established the vortex for Camelot, destined to come forth later in the fifth and sixth centuries. The Grail was placed in Glastonbury for safekeeping at that time. It will be through the Grail in England that the energies of transformation and ascension will be channeled, which eventually will bring the Earth into the Seventh Golden Age.
Perhaps Christians ought to reconsider the popular doctrines of modern prophecy teachers, who teach that the final beast system will be a Revived Roman Empire. This error is built upon a faulty exposition of the four empires represented in Nebuchadnezzar's image in Daniel 2 and the four beasts of Daniel 7, which are construed as referring to the same world empires.
A closer look at Daniel 2, 7 and Revelation 13 demonstrates otherwise. According to verse I beheld till the wings thereof were plucked, and it was lifted up from the earth, and made to stand upon the feet as a man, and a man's heart was given to it. And behold another beast, a second, like to a BEAR, and it raised up itself on one side, and it had three ribs in the mouth of it between the teeth of it: After this I beheld, and lo another, like a LEOPARD, which had upon the back of it four wings of a fowl; the beast had also four heads; and dominion was given to it.
The eagle's wings which were plucked in Daniel 7: Thus, a reasonable interpretation of the symbolic beasts or world empires of Daniel 7 places them in the period immediately preceding "the fourth kingdom upon the earth, which shall be diverse from all kingdoms, and shall devour the whole earth, and shall tread it down, and break it in pieces. Roman altars, perhaps erected as votive offerings themselves Basically, a sacrifice, or sacrificium, was a gift to the gods, heroes, emperors, or the dead.
It was not simply a matter of the ritualistic killing of animals as is our modern perception of ancient sacrifice. Not all sacrifices were blood sacrifices, and not all sacrifices were public displays either.
There were also private sacrifices. Food offerings were not only of flesh, but could also be of fruit or grain, milk, honey or something similar. Depending upon the nature of the offering and its intent, a food offering might be part of a sacrificial feast in which people shared with the gods, both receiving their portion to consume.
Alternatively, the entirety of the sacrifice might be offered to the gods to be consumed in the flames. Most of the evidence for sacrifices in the Roman world come to us from inscriptions on altars which were themselves considered sacrifices.
There could be various reasons for a sacrifice such as one made in expectation of a favour, or a sacrifice that was demanded by the gods through an oracle, omen, dream or some other such occurrence.
Roman religion was customizable in a sense, and so the types of gifts of sacrifices could vary. They might include cakes, incense, oils, wine, honey, milk, and perhaps sacred herbs or flowers. And yes, they could also include various blood sacrifices with certain types and colour of animals being more fitting for certain gods. A bull being led to sacrifice, the ceremony accompanied by a tibicen, or flute player. One of the most common forms of sacrifices were those made in fulfillment of a vow, meaning that if a particular god undertook a specific action on behalf of the mortal making the request, then that mortal would carry out the promised sacrifice.
Perhaps that mortal would build an altar to that god if his political campaign was successful, or perhaps a general would sacrifice fifty bulls if he was victorious on the battlefield? When it came to the slaughter of animals as part of a sacrifice, it seems that male animals were offered to male gods, and female animals to goddesses. They had to be free of blemishes and a suitable colour as well, for example, black for underworld gods. There were also times when the animal sacrificed was one that was considered unfit for human consumption, such as the sacrifice of dogs to Hecate.
A sacrifice portrayed on a lararium, or family shrine, in Pompeii It does not appear to have been usual for a regular citizen to perform an animal sacrifice.
It was more the case that the person who wanted to make the sacrifice made arrangements for the ceremony with the aedituus of a particular temple who hired a victimarius to perform the actual slaughter. There might also have been music provided by a flute player, or tibicen, in order to please the god but also to cover up any sounds of ill-omen from the victim. For most sacrifices, a priest would have his head covered by the folds of a toga to guard against ill-omened sights and sounds, except at Saturnalia when things were the reverse of the usual and priests performed sacrifices with their heads uncovered.
Notice the covered head of the person performing the sacrifice, and the poleaxe carried by the victimarius leading the bull to slaughter. One might think that it was an easy thing to slaughter an animal, but it seems that the opposite is the case. Aside from trying to avoid any ill-omened sights or sounds, the way in which an animal was slaughtered was very important to Romans.
The head of the animal was usually sprinkled with grains, wine, or sacred cake known as mola salsa before it was killed. It was then stunned with a blow to the head, perhaps with a ceremonial axe or cudgel, and then stabbed or its throat slit with a sacrificial knife.