Everything you ever wanted to know about Holden Caulfield in The Catcher in the Rye, written by My parents would be the ones [to pick up the phone]. Then I . Representation of Holden Caulfield as a Problematic Adolescent in J. D. . Erikson points out that “With the establishment of a good initial relationship to the world The main struggle for parents in this stage is to adjust the balance between. Holden has a difficult relationship with his parents and older brother D.B, who he As an adolescent suffering from anxiety, Holden fears entering the world of.
Holden undergoes such experience within his narrative during s Manhattan, New York. As his first person accounts show, the artificiality and phoniness of the adult world irritates him not allowing to fit into the social norms. It was not until the 20th century that adolescence became a burning topic for researchers in many fields ranging from psychology to sociology.
Commonly referred to as a transitional stage, adolescence is directly linked to the norms of the adult society and the expectation that they are assumed to achieve is closely related to the skills and qualities of the adults in a specific society Crockett Moreover, urbanization has its own role in the emergence of the new social class called adolescence too Dehne and Riedner Moreover, the young adolescents, according to Elkind, are usually haunted with the thought of being at the very centre all the time.
Elkind is one of the psychologists mostly concerned with the problems related with the adolescents and their relation to the social environments. Elkind emphasizes that adolescence Vol. Likewise, Elkind argues that the pre-adult years are no more training years for the teens but a different period of life resembling adulthood in some aspects.
Therefore, the newly emerged culture of adolescence, according to Elkind, has become more apparent in a way that this period can no longer be regarded as merely a transitional period The Hurried Apart from the maturing or developmental process between childhood and adulthood, the adolescence period has its own maturation beginning from early-adolescence and ending with late- adolescence.
In his theory, Erikson argues that psychological development consists of eight separate stages. His theory is mainly based on the effect of communal or social experience starting from birth and extending to death. The ego identity is what Erikson bases his theory on claiming that it is the conscious sense of a person developing through being exposed to the social interactions Erikson, Childhood It prompts humans to handle with each of the stages and survive them successfully.
According to Erikson, every Vol. However, when a stage comes to its end with a sense of dissatisfaction, the adolescent becomes disappointed and most probably the consequences of the previous stage would affect the next stage negatively Erikson, Childhood and Moreover, in each of the stages the person should get involved in clashes with opposite forces.
Lost generation? Our teens are living in clover | Opinion | The Guardian
In order to have a healthy psychological development, a balance between each of these opposite forces is needed. As his narrative reveals, Holden lacks such a balance. Holden belongs to this stage. Such adolescents tend to involve in any kind of action in order to avoid the irksome or troublesome demands of the common society Boeree 6. According to Nicole Zarrett and Jacquelynne Eccles, during these years of turmoil yearsadolescents must also deal with changes in many of their social relationships, providing opportunities to develop and exercise their personal and social identities and further explore their autonomy Moreover, in agreement with Erik Erikson, Zarrett and Eccles emphasize that tasks of adolescence are Vol.
Holden is represented as being unable of coming out of his imaginary world. Of course, children have existed Vol. According to Karatani, the appearance of the youth was the consequence of the division between childhood and adulthood.
Before the term egocentrism, Elkind coined the word hurried child. Holden as a character is a good example that shows egocentric qualities as he exhibits what Elkind suggests by the world hurried child: Sometimes I act a lot older than I am - I really do - but people never notice it. Holden tries to act differently from his peers as he is indirectly forced by his society; however, people around him are unbalancing his psychological efforts. While some push Holden to act as if he is much older than his real age, only a few accept his Vol.
Such complex and complicated emotions result in as a sense of in-betweeness. The reader encounters Holden in a scene where he is in a movie theatre although he is does not movies that much. The lady sitting next to Holden is crying since the movie is so touchy; however, she asks her little son who wants to use the bathroom to behave himself. The lady is unaware of the fact that her little son is already behaving himself.
The mother wants the kid to hurry into some kind of adulthood by urging him to sit still.The Relationship between Parents and Teenagers
The adult world ignores what Holden observed in the movie theatre Salinger and Children who suffer stress, which belongs to the adult world, are more likely to exhibit the syndromes of adults resulting in the adolescents like Holden. Furthermore, Holden recounts a situation when, while visiting the Museum of Natural History, he is killing time just before his date with Sally.
His account here suggests the apparent hypocrisy: The best thing, though, in that museum was that everything always stayed right where it was. You could go there a hundred thousand times, and that Eskimo would still be just finished catching those two fish, the birds would still be on their way south, […]. The only thing that would be different would be you. Salinger The first point to notice in this quotation is the last word in the last sentence— you. Holden is not talking on behalf of himself but addresses the second singular pronoun.
During the course of the novel, he shows his fears not knowing how to deal with conflicts, confusion and change. He does not want to accept the fact that he is also going to change in his next visit to the museum. He is pleased with the scene that he encounters in the museum.
the CATCHER in the RYE: 5. What is Holden's relationship with his parents?
According to his understanding of the world, this is a liveable one which is always silent, unchanging and free from confusion. As an egocentric inclination, Holden makes one apparent hierocratic statement denying that what is going to happen to his environment is going to pass over him first.
Holden is in fact resisting against the notion of change through alienating himself from the society. He applies the rules valid for the others and when he himself is the person at the core of the event, he shows an escapist attitude. Another scene where he exhibits apparent hypocrisy is the time he encounters a mother of his classmate in the bus: He's really never been a terribly good mixer with other boys. Perhaps he takes things a little more seriously than he should at his age.
That guy Morrow was about as sensitive as a goddam toilet seat. I gave her a good look. She looked like she might have a pretty damn good idea what a bastard she was the mother of. She looked all around. Salinger 55 Holden seems to be very obsessed with what he calls the phoniness of the adult world. In every occasion, he does not refrain himself from stressing how he hates all the lies and deceits in the conversation of adults.
His critique of the adult world is mostly about the artificiality that it entails. Holden fears to build an intimate relationship with his environment and so he avoids closeness with people.
Therefore, despite his unawareness of the situation, it is quite clear that Holden displays some apparent hypocritical states. Likewise, in the passage that Holden reveals the name of the novel, his little sister asks him about what he wants to do in his life and his replies: What I have to do, I have to catch everybody if they start to go over the cliff— […]. His response reveals a fantasy of idealistic childhood since he is talking as the protector of the childhood innocence.
He speaks metaphorically by comparing the transition from childhood to adulthood to the crazy cliff that children go over. He has a very narrow world view and, according to him, all children are simply innocent and adults are artificial or superficial. His catcher in the rye fantasy reflects his innocence, his belief in pure, uncorrupted youth and his desire to protect that spirit; on the other hand, it represents his extreme disconnection from reality and his naive view of the world.
Despite his ignorance of adulthood, Holden nevertheless fails to understand the fact that even to protect the childhood innocence one must be old enough. Apart from the apparent hypocrisy and personal fable, another sub-category of egocentrism is imaginary audience.
At the very beginning of the novel Holden warns his reader: The way Holden addresses his implied reader reveals the notion of imaginary audience. Holden perceives that the outer world is particularly obsessed with doing and feeling. Sometimes, I act a lot older than I am--I really do.
Holden Caulfield would shop at Argos these days
But people never notice it. His is obsessed with being recognized by the people in this environment. However, he finds out that his imaginary audience is ignoring him and this awareness enhances his psychological imbalance. Identity versus Role Confusion. Holden is experiencing both a lack of sense of competence and a lack of ego strength. He is completely unsettled and confused with an unstable ego identity in the middle of nowhere. He pictures Mr Antolini as a catcher in the rye who tries to catch him.
As a consequence of the lack of sense of fidelity, Holden is experiencing trouble in case of any predicament. Just before leaving Pencey, he is looking for a relief by any kind of closure: It seems that sometimes suspension leads to an expulsion just before Holden has a chance for any closure.
However, in the above scene Holden does not go without being expulsed. The type of closure here is not important for him, all he wants is a sense of goodbye. Obviously, that's not going to happen, as Salinger probably realised, being in his thirties when he wrote Catcher; there's nothing sexy or saleable about alienated parents.
We're just there — paying for everything, cluttering up the place. Just let's drop this lazy tagging of every new generation of youth as alienated and disaffected. Right now, a lot of them could be a lot less lost than you are. A black Disney heroine. One wonders, though, why Disney is trumpeting so proudly this. Considering that Disney's first full-length animation was 's Snow White, it seems somewhat embarrassing that it took 73 years to produce a "black princess". It's also grating to realise that Tiana spends a great deal of the story, made in old-style, hand-painted 2-D, as a green frog.
Tiana is a frog because she was kissed by a frog who was once a prince, who turns out not to be black, rather an indeterminate beige colour.
Moreover, the prince was turned into a frog because of a voodoo spell. Could you excuse me for a moment please — I need to consult my copy of "Racial Stereotyping for Duffers". One doesn't want to go in too heavy on this. Disney has trodden fine lines with its "princesses of colour" before and ,as a parent, you learn to roll your eyes and go with it. I remember watching Pocahontas and loving it, despite the fact that in some frames our American Indian heroine looked whiter than I do.
It's almost as if Disney animation does race by emulsion colour sheet: You just have to grit your teeth through the popcorn and repeat the mantra: It's equally irritating that Tiana had to be given quite such a full-on backstory — pre-civil rights New Orleans, jazz, voodoo. OK, we get it, she's black! The film looks charming and I'm definitely going to take my daughter to see it.
However, while no one expected or desired Disney Does Mississippi Burning, this surely must go down in cinematic racial history as an opportunity missed. While it's lovely finally to have a black Disney heroine, how much more impressive and forward thinking if the studio had just made another Cinderella or Sleeping Beauty, featuring a princess who happened to be black?
Airbrush all you like, Dave — the public will always have the last laugh It was enough when the Conservatives launched a poster campaign featuring a suspiciously flawless David Cameron with the slogan: I'll cut the deficit, not the NHS.
Now people are defacing the poster, all over the internet and even actual billboards. One in Hereford has Cameron as Elvis, intoning: I'll cut my taxes but not yours". Others get straight to the point: If you can't even get your photography right, it's quite difficult to get your policies right.
It just goes to show that, whatever the polls say, members of the public tend to have their own views. It's as if the defacers are saying: When it comes to Britons expressing themselves, who needs the fourth plinth in Trafalgar Square?