Religion and Education Around the World | Pew Research Center
It is simply impossible to list all varieties of religion1 as we as a species have Belief that good relations need to be kept with tribal ancestor spirits. preparing to rule the world after a coming apocalypse, and embrace many. Asian-Nation: Religious Affiliation among Asian Americans · International Vipassana Foundation – Buddhists around the world. Humanists make sense of the world using reason, experience and shared human values reverence for teachers; regard for guests and tolerance of all races and religions. Based around the Jewish people's covenant relationship with God.
Gender gaps also are narrowing somewhat. In the oldest generation, across all the major religious groups, men received more years of schooling, on average, than women. But the youngest generations of Christian, Buddhist and unaffiliated women have achieved parity with their male counterparts in average years of schooling.
And among the youngest Jewish adults, Jewish women have spent nearly one more year in school, on average, than Jewish men. A prior study by researchers at an Austrian institute, the Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Human Capital, looked at differences in educational attainment by age and gender.
Religions vary in educational attainment About one-in-five adults globally — but twice as many Muslims and Hindus — have received no schooling at all Despite recent gains by young adults, formal schooling is neither universal nor equal around the world. The global norm is barely more than a primary education — an average of about eight years of formal schooling for men and seven years for women.
Education levels vary a great deal by religion.
List of religious populations
Declining gender gaps in formal education In this study, more women than men have no formal education: In some religious groups, the gender gaps in acquiring any formal education are particularly large. In other religions, the gender differences in the shares with no formal schooling are smaller, ranging from 9 points among the religiously unaffiliated to just 1 point among Jews. But Hindus have substantially narrowed the gender gap in primary schooling, as shares of Hindu women with no formal schooling decreased across the three generations studied.
Muslims also have reduced the gender gap across generations by 11 percentage points. But in the youngest generation, a point difference remains: Among religiously unaffiliated adults and Buddhists worldwide, meanwhile, the gender gap in the shares with no formal schooling has virtually disappeared. But across generations, women have been outpacing men in reaching higher levels of education. In the youngest generation of three faith groups — Jews, Christians and the religiously unaffiliated — the gender gap in higher education has actually reversed.
The biggest reversal has happened among Jews. In other words, a 7-point gender gap in the oldest generation with more men than women holding advanced degrees is now a point gender gap in the other direction, with more women than men in the youngest generation of Jews holding degrees.
See Chapter 6 for details. Christians and religiously unaffiliated people have experienced similar — although not as dramatic — reversals of the gender gap in post-secondary education. Similarly, among religiously unaffiliated people, the 3-point gender gap in the oldest generation with more men than women having higher education is now a 3-point gap in the other direction in the youngest generation, with more women than men earning post-secondary degrees.
Meanwhile, the gender gap in higher education has narrowed for Buddhists by 5 points and Muslims by 3 points. The gender gap in post-secondary education among Hindus has held steady across generations.
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Muslims in Europe, for example, have more years of schooling, on average, than Muslims in the Middle East. This is because education levels are affected by many factors other than religion, including socioeconomic conditions, government resources and migration policies, the presence or absence of armed conflict and the prevalence of child labor and marriage.
At the same time, this study finds that even under the same regional or national conditions, there often are differences in education attainment among those within religious groups.
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Here are some findings from this report that illustrate both the diversity within the same religious group across different regions of the world, and the diversity within the same region among religious groups: There is a large and pervasive gap in educational attainment between Muslims and Christians in sub-Saharan Africa.
By all attainment measures, Muslim adults in the region — both women and men — are far less educated than their Christian counterparts. Moreover, despite growth in the share of adults with any formal schooling in recent decades, the Muslim-Christian attainment gap has widened across generations, largely because Muslims have not kept pace with educational gains made by Christians. See Chapter 1 for more on the Muslim-Christian gap in sub-Saharan Africa, and Chapter 7 for a discussion of possible explanations.
Also in sub-Saharan Africa, the Muslim gender gap in education has remained largely unchanged across generations — and even widened slightly by some measures of attainment analyzed in this study.
Although the youngest Muslim women in this region are making educational gains compared with their elders, they are making them at a slightly slower rate than their male peers. This pattern differs from some other regions, where Muslim women are generally making educational gains at a faster pace than Muslim men, thus narrowing the gender gap.
See Chapter 1 for details. Christians have remained fairly stable at the global level in their overall educational attainment over three generations.
List of religious populations - Wikipedia
Christianity Based on the teaching of Jesus Christ. Christian groups differ in their interpretation of his teaching, life, death and resurrection, but these matters are at the heart of the way of life of all of them. Humanism Humanism is the belief that we can live good lives without religious or superstitious beliefs. Humanists work with others for the common good. Hinduism An ancient tradition of related beliefs and practices that developed in the Indian subcontinent.
Core ideals and values shared by most Hindus would include respect for elders; reverence for teachers; regard for guests and tolerance of all races and religions. Islam Revealed in its final form by the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him. Jainism An ancient philosophy and ethical teaching that originated in India. The main principle is ahimsa — the avoidance, where possible, of physical or mental harm to any living being. Jainism is a religion without a belief in a creator god.
Judaism Based around the Jewish people's covenant relationship with God.