Study Session 1 Human Interactions with the Environment: View as single page
environment has an impact on well-being, or of processes by which communities move from poverty Several significant studies began to link human activities. Apr 21, Assessing the Relationship Between Human Well-being and . of the well-being of the world's poor, particularly as it relates to the natural environment. . Finally, the well-being impact of changes in the environmental domain. The relationship between economic growth, human well-being, and the Meadows et al. predicted that natural resource depletion and environmental . would have almost no impact on the rateof economic growth.
This presents inherent difficulty in comparing assessment measures or different data types relative to the size and scale of the variables being evaluated 9. Further, there still remain evidence gaps in data on what activities might increase levels of physical health as well as limited amount of longitudinal datasets from which the frequency, duration, and causal directions could be inferred Mental Health Mental health studies in the context of connecting with nature have also generated a growing research base since the emergence of the Biophilia concept in the mids Supporting research has been well documented in literature during the last few decades.
Similarly, further mixed-method approaches and larger sample sizes are needed in this research field.
The Human–Nature Relationship and Its Impact on Health: A Critical Review
This would enhance existing evidence gaps to enhance existing knowledge of variable interlinkages with other important sources e. Social Health In the last two decades, the relationship between people and place in the context of green spaces has received much attention in academic literature in regards to its importance for the vitality of communities and their surrounding environments One of the main limitations within this field relates to the generally perceived idea that public green spaces are freely open to everyone in all capacities This limitation has been, as already, highlighted from the emerging arguments in the field of environmental justice and economic—nature conflicts As such, many researchers highlight the need to maintain awareness of other barriers that might hinder cohesion and community participation e.
Further, there still remains a gap between academic research and local knowledge, which would otherwise lead to more effective interventions. Nonetheless, for such approach to be implemented requires sufficient time, cost, and an adequate scale of resources to ensure for aspects of coordination, communication, and data validation This in part owes to the increasing evidence accumulating in research literature centering on the relationships between the following areas: Such health-related effects that have been alluded to include chronic diseases, social isolation, emotional well-being as well as other psychiatric disorders e.
Reasons for these proposed links have been suggested to stem from various behavioral patterns e. Further, these suggested links have been inferred, by some, to be visible in other species e.
Links Between The Natural Environment, Human Wellbeing And Poverty - UNEP-WCMC
Nonetheless, research within this field remains speculative with few counter examples e. With a growing trend in the number of chronic diseases and psychiatric disorders, costs to the U.
However, this anticipated trend is considered to be both undesirable and expensive to the already overwhelmed health-care system In concurrence are the associated impacts on health equity, equating to further productivity and tax losses every year in addition to a growing gap in health inequalities Furthermore, population growth in urbanized areas is expected to impact future accessibility to and overall loss of natural spaces. Not only would this have a direct detrimental effect on the health of both humans and non-humans but equally the functioning and integrity of ecosystem services that sustain our economic productivity Thereby, costs of sustaining our human-engineered components of social—ecological systems could rise, having an indirect impact on our economic growth and associated pathways connecting to health As such, researchers have highlighted the importance of implementing all characteristics when accounting ecosystem services, particularly the inclusion of natural and health-related capital, as well as their intervening mechanisms.
This is an area, which at present remains difficult to synthesize owing to fragmented studies from a host of disciplines that are more conceptually rather than empirically based Toward an Interdisciplinary Perspective of Human and Ecosystem Health Since the late nineteenth century, a number of descriptive models have been developed to encapsulate the dimensions of human health and the natural environment as well as their interrelationships As VanLeeuwen et al 17 highlight in their review, each have not fully incorporated all relevant characteristics of ecosystems e.5 Human Impacts on the Environment: Crash Course Ecology #10
Further, the Bioecological systems theory model encapsulates the biopsychological characteristics of an evolving theoretical system for scientific study of human development over time 16 However, the model has been suggested by someto be static and compartmentalized in nature, emphasizing instead the importance of evolving synergies between biology, culture, and technology. It is broadly defined as the attainment of optimal health across the human—animal—environmental interfaces at local, national, and global levels.
It calls for a holistic and universal approach to researching health, an ideology said to be traceable to pathologist Rudolf Virchow in Yet, the concept has received criticisms regarding its prominence toward the more biological phenomena e.
Some have therefore suggested its need to adopt an interdisciplinary approach to facilitate a deeper understanding of the complexities involved Urban trees also support storm-water management, preventing flooding and related health issues.
Air pollution is a major threat to population health. Urban trees sequester pollutants and, even though the effect may be relatively small, given the severity of the problem it may still have some public-health implications.
Links between the natural environment, human wellbeing and poverty
The evidence around the effects of natural environments on health and well-being is steadily increasing. Several pathways and mechanisms are suggested, such as health services through functional ecosystems, early life exposure to biodiverse microbiota, which is important for the immune-system development, and sensory exposure, which has direct neurobiological impact supporting cognitive development and stress resilience.
Support for several pathways is at hand that shows lower mortality rates and prevalence of cardiovascular and respiratory diseases, healthier pregnancy outcomes, reduced health inequalities, and improved mental health in urban areas with greater amounts of green and blue space. Altogether, the interactions between healthy natural environments and healthy people are multiple and complex, and require interdisciplinary attention and action for full understanding and resilient development of both nature and human beings.
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The Human–Nature Relationship and Its Impact on Health: A Critical Review
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