Relationship between hypertension and blood pressure

Blood Pressure : Q. I have hypertension, what does this mean?

relationship between hypertension and blood pressure

J Relig Health. Jun;51(2) doi: /s The interrelationship between hypertension and blood pressure, attendance at. Understanding the difference between blood pressure and pulse In discussions about high blood pressure, you will often see heart rate mentioned in relation. High blood pressure is a good indicator of heart disease and stroke risk, it's the difference between your systolic pressure and your diastolic.

Indeed, psychosocial factors have been cited as explanations for the deficit in prevalence of hypertension experienced by Hispanics Finch and Vega Because in relation to health, religiosity has been found to be useful Buck et al.

relationship between hypertension and blood pressure

First, respondents participated in a home interview, and at the conclusion, they were invited to participate in a medical examination. Detailed information regarding procedures and protocols has been described elsewhere Ezzati et al.

Signs and Symptoms of Hypertension

The total number of participants aged 20 or older was 18, and the following persons were excluded from analyses: Blood pressures were measured up to three times in both the home and medical examination interview for a maximum of 6 blood pressure measurements.

NHANES III data contain mean blood pressure variables that average all blood pressure measurements from the home and medical interview, and these variables were used in analysis.

Pulse Pressure vs. Blood Pressure - Hypertension Center - Everyday Health

The same criteria were used for both diabetic and non-diabetic participants. Attendance at religious services was categorized as follows: Statistical Analysis The mean and proportional differences by religious service attendance for demographic, socioeconomic status SESand health-related characteristics were evaluated using Student's t-test for continuous variables and chi-square tests for categorical variables.

In Model 1, the association between hypertension and attendance at services was assessed by logistic regression models that controlled for demographics, SES, and health-related characteristics. Because women are more likely to attend religious services than men Levin et al. Following the procedure recommended by the National Center for Health Statistics, all analyses used Taylor-linearization procedures for the complex multistage sampling design National Center for Health Statistics, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention P-values less than or equal to 0.

Blood Pressure vs. Heart Rate (Pulse)

Results Table 1 displays the distribution of select demographic, SES, and health-related characteristics by frequency of attendance at religious services. The proportion of persons living in the Midwest did not differ by attendance at religious services, nor did DBP.

  • How your blood pressure and circulatory system work
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Blood pressure is the force with which blood pushes against artery walls as it flows throughout your body — the pressure that the blood exerts.

Blood pressure is always expressed as two numbers, both measured in millimeters of mercury mm Hg. The systolic pressure first or top number measures the force when your hearts beats; the diastolic pressure second or bottom number is a measurement of the heart at rest. For example, someone with a systolic reading of mm Hg and a diastolic reading of 80 mm Hg would have a blood pressure of over If systolic pressure goes up — even if the diastolic pressure stays the same — the patient is at risk for developing serious cardiovascular conditions.

relationship between hypertension and blood pressure

What Is Pulse Pressure? The term pulse pressure might be new to you — it's the difference between your systolic pressure and your diastolic pressure. If systolic pressure increases — even if the diastolic pressure stays the same — your pulse pressure will increase, which seems to be an indicator of cardiovascular disease in some patients.

relationship between hypertension and blood pressure

Though the correlation isn't clear, studies have found a definite link between elevated pulse pressure and: Increased risk of coronary artery calcification in patients with chronic kidney disease The presence of cardiovascular disease, not just increased risk Increased risk of atrial fibrillation Rigid arteries Increased risk of mortality from cardiovascular disease, particularly heart disease Changing Diagnostic Standards Though the current standard to determine heart disease risk is by measuring blood pressurethat doesn't mean it's the best indicator.

And even though an increase in pulse pressure seems to be a good indicator of cardiovascular risk, there isn't enough information to show how or why high pulse pressure may be a better predictor of heart disease risk than blood pressure readings.

relationship between hypertension and blood pressure

These are topics currently under research.