Sanjay - The Charioteer and Advisor of Dhritarashtra, Who Had Divine Vision
Read Dhritarashtra and Gandhari- Chapter 4 from the story The Mahabharata - A the king of Gandhara, to give his daughter's hand in marriage to Dhritarashtra" Bheeshma said. + (Sanjaya is Dhritarashtra's advisor and also his charioteer.) . One day Dhritarashtra and Gandhari overheard Bhima boasting of his Gandhari, Kunti, Vidura and Sanjaya also insisted on accompanying Dhritarashtra. One day Dhritarashtra and Gandhari overheard Bhima boasting of his prowess Gandhari, Kunti, Vidura and Sanjaya also insisted on accompanying Dhritarashtra. . This shows us that if one can get Association from a saintly person like.
Engaged in severe penances, he was worshipped by all the ascetics in the woods. In six months the King was reduced only to a skeleton.
Gandhari subsisted on water alone, while Kunti took a little every sixth day. The sacred fire, O monarch, belonging to the Kuru King was duly worshipped by the sacrificing assistants that were with him, with libations of clarified butter poured on it.
They did this whether the King saw the rite or not. The King had no fixed habitation. He became a wanderer through those woods. The two queens, as also Sanjaya, followed him. Sanjaya acted as the guide on even and uneven land. The faultless Pritha, O King, became the eye of Gandhari. One day, that best of kings proceeded to a spot on the margin of Ganga.
He then bathed in the sacred stream and finishing his ablutions turned his face towards his retreat. The wind rose high. A fierce forest-conflagration set in. It began to burn that forest all around. When the herds of animals were being burnt all around, as also the snakes that inhabited that region, herds of wild boars began to take themselves to the nearest marshes and waters.
When that forest was thus afflicted on all sides and such distress came upon all the living creatures residing there, the King, who had taken no food, was incapable of moving or exerting himself at all. Thy two mothers also, exceedingly emaciated, were unable to move. As regards ourselves, we shall suffer our bodies to be destroyed by this fire and attain to the highest goal.93 Dhritarashtra tries to kill Bhim
I do not, however, see any means by which thou canst escape from this conflagration. That which should next be done should be indicated by thee. Water, fire, wind, and abstention from food as means of deathare laudable for ascetics. Do thou, therefore, leave us, O Sanjaya, without any delay. Having said these words to Sanjaya, the King concentrated his mind. Facing the east, he sat down, with Gandhari and Kunti. Beholding him in that attitude, Sanjaya walked around him.
Restraining all the senses, he remained like a post of wood. The highly blessed Gandhari and thy mother Pritha too remained in the same attitude. Then thy royal sire was overtaken by the forest-conflagration. He fondly came to believe that his eldest son Duryodhana would surely and rightfully succeed him as the King of Hastinapur.
Since he was the king, he strongly believed, his sons should, naturally, be the heir to the throne. He doted on his eldest son; and supported his cunning schemes, covertly or otherwise. Gandhari the good woman was surrounded all her life by a weak and ambitious husband; treacherous and scheming brother Shakuni; and, hate filled misguided sons.
And, none of them paid heed to her words; and much less cared for her feelings. Gandhari the Queen, the mother of hundred sons was indeed a very lonely woman. As Gandhari helplessly watched her family drift on the path to self destruction, she was torn apart in many directions: But, her agony, loneliness and her predicaments were neither shared nor appreciated by her husband. Should one attempt to be a replica of his or her spouse? Which is of greater value in a marriage: When Gandhari turned herself blind just to be like her husband, she became a female counterpart of the blind king.
There were other options open to her. Had Gandhari stepped into the foray of administering the kingdom on behalf of the blind king; and taken charge of the affairs of the State as also that of the Royal family, the tale of Mahabharata would have been a far different one.
It surely would not have been a listless account of internecine fratricide. It would have been more forthright and challenging, since Gandhari was a courageous, ambitious woman good at heart. But, she seemed to have surrendered her initiative rather too easily and too quickly without a thought.
She drifted through the vagaries of life blindfolded, helpless and uncared. As Gandhari stepped into the royal household at Hastinapur, it became evident that her blind prince would never be a King. But, soon thereafter, things did change, for better, with the sudden and untimely death of Pandu the King.
There was some cheer in her life when Dhritharastra was placed on the throne and she became the Queen. However, to her chagrin, Gandhari soon realized that her blind husband was in fact merely an interim figurehead; and, it was the overbearing patriarch Bhishma who wielded all the power and authority. Gandhari was now desperate to become a mother. She desired to be a mother of one hundred powerful sons; and, in particular the mother of kings. Her frustration over the foetus growing in her for an unduly long period of two years was getting unbearable.
Sanjay – The Charioteer and Advisor of Dhritarashtra, Who Had Divine Vision
She no longer could carry the long overdue womb that was getting heavier with each passing day. Her patience was running out; and, she could wait no longer. In the fury of frustration she strikes hard at her womb; and, delivers to an immature ball of iron-hard flesh. But, Vyasa, the biological father of her husband, intervened; arranged to cut the flesh into one hundred pieces.
And, since Gandhari desired for a daughter he cut one more piece. Vyasa arranged to incubate each piece in a separate jar filled with ghee for another two years.
The Kuru clan was thus born out of envy and frustration. And, as a mother Gandhari had to pay a terrible price for her self-inflicted sightlessness. As her sons grew up to fine young lads, Gandhari could neither disciple, nor control and nor mould her children as only a mother can.
By then, her sons had gone too far in their ways; and, scarcely had the will or the patience to walk beside their mother. Their fate had been usurped by their scheming and devious uncle Shakuni who, for his own reasons, kept them chained to hate and envy. She was powerless to wean her thoughtless sons away from her dark hearted brother.
Gandhari, all her life, had to be a helpless bystander. More of that, a little later. Here, Gandhari stands in sharp contrast to Kunti who devoted herself, entirely, to protecting and guiding her children through their good and bad days. They invariably consulted her on all important matters. The only occasion they failed to do so landed them in a disastrous situation.
That was when they set forth for the dice-game without informing their mother. It is not the motherhood that distinguishes Gandhari; but, it is her indomitable will, the ability to take decisions and to speak out clearly; and above all her sense of justice. Sense of righteousness 8.
Gandhari comes across as an articulate person endowed with an innate sense of justice and righteousness.
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She is clear in her speech; not afraid to speak out her mind even if it was to be harsh. Gandhari was a woman of substance, of strong will and of passionate nature, which she generally kept under check. Her sense of righteousness simmers through her sharp speech. Gandhari was not blind to the conspiracies, covert schemes and injustices that went on in the royal courts.
Gandhari watched with dismay the growing ill-will between her first born son Duryodhana and his cousins the Pandavas. Duryodhana, Dushyasana, Karna, and Shakuni. She went against her husband, asking him, firmly, not to support Duryodhana who was being led astray by Shakuni. She pointed out that Dhritharastra made a huge mistake by putting the affairs of the Kingdom entirely into the hands of Duryodhana and his coterie.
She warned the blind King that his escapist and irresponsible acts would reap him a bitter harvest. She urged him to be firm and judicious in dealing with his sons. Gandhari counselled Dhritharastra not to lose perspective of things; and not to confuse the illusion for reality.
She tells him not to harbour false hopes that Duryodhana would win against Pandavas because veteran warriors like Bhishma, Drona, Kripa and others are with him. Her unusual ability to speak the bitter truth to her husband surfaces quite often in Sabha Parva and in Udyoga Parva. In the Sabha Parva, She advised her husband to stop the first game of dice.
Then again, after the second dice game, Gandhari chides Dhritarastra for allowing Duryodhana to humiliate Draupadi in the open court. Dhritarastra blinded by his fondness for his sons did not have enough sense to heed to her words of wisdom and caution. She did try honestly to counsel her angry son; pleaded with him to eschew the needless war.
But, of course, she too fails to convince him. Duryodhana, raging with anger, storms out of the court. She blames Dhritarastra for undue fondness for his sons and for not disciplining them despite being aware of their unrighteous desires and thoughtless methods. Krishna too appreciates her efforts: Before going into the battle on the final dayDuryodhana seeks the blessings of his mother. She does bless him heartily. Krishna again lauds Gandhari " O the gracious Ladythere is none comperable to you in the whole world" tat samam nasti loke sminnadya simantini shubhe - Salya Parva She loves him much and wants him to succeed.
And, when war became imminent, she decides to support his efforts fully. When I look upon your body, each part that I see will become hard as a diamond, unyielding to weapons. Duryodhana felt shy and uncomfortable to appear tally naked before his mother. He, therefore, covered his groin and hips with a leaf tied at the waist. But, her joy was soon cut short as she noticed the leaf around his waist.
Gandhari shrieked in horror: Now, that covered part of your body will be vulnerable to weapons. Your enemies will not fail to strike you there. She wept bitterly and lamented at cruelty of fate which spares none. The horrors of war and heartbreaking plight of the women The eighteen days of war grew more intense and gruesome with each passing day until the night of the seventeen day.
On the eighteenth and the final day, as the horrors of the war ebbed out, Duryodhana, in despair, fled from the field and hid himself in a lake. Thereafter, that night, his three surviving warriors, in a vengeful night raid, slaughtered Drustaduymna, brother of Draupadi and her five young sons while they were asleep in their beds.
Relentless slaughter and mayhem littered the earth with the blood and guts of millions of men, horses, elephants, while countless dogs, wolves, eagles and vultures feasted on the carcasses. The sorrow of the wailing women is described in Stree Parva.
Stree Parva of Mahabharata is an overwhelming, horrific and moving depiction of the devastation that war brings upon women who lost their men folk.
It focuses upon the dichotomy of the male and female elements of war. But, at the same time there is a wicked parody. The sights of women wailing over death and devastations of war are in sharp contrast to scenes, just a few weeks prior, where women, with pride, bid farewell to their men marching smartly into the battle as heroes.
She can see things at a distance as if they were very near. Gandhari then noticed her fallen son Duryodhana and fainted. She then wept over her other sons. Gandhari then moved on to lament on her distraught daughters-in-law and the horrors beset upon them. They wept uncontrollably for their lost beloveds, sons, brothers and fathers.
It was as if they were enacting the destruction of the world at the end of the Age. Babbling and crying, running hither and thither, they were out of their mind with grief and lost all sense of propriety. Young women who used to be modest even before their friends now appeared shamelessly before their mothers-in-law in simple shifts, their hair dishevelled, with their arms up in the air wailing, shrieking incoherently.
Women who earlier comforted each other in the most trifling sorrows now ignored other women staggering about in grief. They were like beings set on fire at the end of the Age. These bewildered women were in shock; helpless, having lost the wits — vast was the wretchedness of the women of Kurus.
The clamour of all those afflicted women bewailing the destruction of their family became thunderous and shook the worlds. Gandhari addresses Krishna emptying her heart: The earth is so muddy with flesh and blood, one can scarcely move upon it.
The earth seems to be crammed with fallen heads, hands, every sort of limbs mixed with every other piled in heaps. On seeing the horror of heaps of body less limbs and limbless bodies, those women beyond reproach, unaccustomed to such miseries, now sink into the bloody mire littered with slaughtered pieces of their husbands, sons, brothers and fathers.
Many shriek and wail upon seeing the bodies; and others beat their heads with their delicate palms. These women, after grasping, wailing and weeping uncontrollably for a long while, shivering in their pain are quitting their life.
Gandhari the lonely Queen | Sulekha Creative
The best of the women tormented in grief and pain mourn their dear ones wretchedly. What could be more painful to me than this, Keshava that all these women present themselves in such extreme distressful forms?
This is all the results of the evils I did in my past births; I see now my slain sons, grandsons and my brother. She is particularly devastated by the terrible wrong done to her valiant young husband by the very persons who were supposed to love him and protect him.
Gandhari is regarded a very virtuous woman; a completely devoted and a faithful wife. That is one of the sub-themes of Mahabharata. When after the war, the Pandavas meet their grieving uncle and aunt, they are at first resentful and apprehensive. Gandhari explains that grief alone is the cause of her anger.
I do not want them to perish. He speaks with reason in a courteous and polite tone; and yet is resolute in his stand. His intentions are clear: He sayshe had a duty to to safeguard Dharma. Gandhari apparently accepts his argument and falls silent. As soon as Bheema finished his explanation, Yudhistira in sharp contrast to Bheema needlessly blames himself, his brothersKrishna and even Abhimanyu.
Sanjaya - Wikipedia
He calls himself and all those men who fought on his side as sinners and begs Gandhari to punish him for following them. I am the cause of the destruction of the earth. And, Gandhari with tearful eyes sighs deeply again and again; not a word escapes her lips. Gandhari, the Mother with a great heart, pardons the man who killed her one hundred sons and even appeals for his mercy. She however, scorches into black the toenails of the man who did not kill even one of her sons. Did she see through Yudhistira?
By then, the pent up anger was swelling up within Gandhari. She could scarcely contain herself. Breathing in quick gasps, she was about to hurl a curse on Yudhistira. But, Vyasa prevailed upon her to desist from doing so. However, some rays of her sight that pierced through the cloth covering her eyes burnt and blackened the toes of Yudhistira as he bent low to touch her feet, in fear and reverence. When Arjuna saw that, he, in fright, took cover behind Krishna.
Gandhari looked upon Pandavas as her own. Gandhari and Draupadi had both suffered grievously; each more than the other. Gandhari blamed herself for all the suffering that befell both the families. Buther mood changed suddenly: But, who will comfort me, as they have been doing to you? Gandhari tells Krishna that the fate had favoured him and his friends. Then Gandhari collapsed in grief.