Dental Erosion | FDI World Dental Federation
To determine the strength of association (expressed as Odds. Ratios) of potential risk factors with erosion and tooth wear in. year-old schoolchildren. Tooth wear is thought to be produced by three factors; attrition, abrasion and erosion. The distinct definition for each class of tooth wear reinforces the traditional point Cervical areas are susceptible to toothbrush abrasion, III incisal relationship and lack of posterior support also lead to attrition. between teeth and other materials), attrition (wear through tooth–tooth contact) and ..  found no difference in susceptibility to erosion of dentine from decid-.
This paper attempts to provide a critical overview of the development of this body of knowledge, from earlier perceptions to the present. It is accepted that dental erosion has a multifactorial background, in which individual and lifestyle factors have great significance.
Interaction between attrition,abrasion and erosion in tooth wear.
Notwithstanding methodological differences across studies, data from many countries confirm that dental erosion is common in children and young people, and that, when present, it progresses rapidly.
That the condition, and its ramifications, warrants serious consideration in clinical dentistry, is clear. It is important for the oral healthcare team to be able to recognize its early signs and symptoms and to understand its pathogenesis.
Preventive strategies are essential ingredients in the management of patients with dental erosion. When necessary, treatment aimed at correcting or improving its effects might best be of a minimally invasive nature.
Still, there remains a need for further research to forge better understanding of the subject. Introduction Interest in dental erosion and its role in tooth wear increased considerably since the mids. Early studies on tooth wear in humans were, in the main, based on teeth from archeologically obtained skulls.
Classifications made so far have no accurate prevalence data because the indexes do not necessarily measure a specific etiology, or because the study populations can be diverse in age and characteristics. Tooth wears attrition, erosion and abrasion is perceived internationally as a growing problem.
Dental Erosion and Its Growing Importance in Clinical Practice: From Past to Present
These indices have been designed to identify increasing severity and are usually numerical, none have universal acceptance, complicating the evaluation of the true increase in prevalence reported. This article considers the ideal requirements for an erosion index. A literature review is conducted with the aim of analyzing the evolution of the indices used today and discuss whether they meet the clinical needs and research in dentistry.
Tooth wear, tooth wear indices, attrition, erosion, abrasion, abfraction. Introduction Tooth wear can be classified as attrition, erosion and abrasion.
Attrition is defined as the loss of enamel, dentin, or restoration by tooth-to-tooth contact 1 Fig. Erosion is the loss of dental hard tissues by chemical action not involving bacteria 2.
It is further classified, according to the source of the acid, as either intrinsic or extrinsic.