Saul - Wikipedia
David Guzik commentary on 1 Samuel 18 describes the friendship between David and Jonathan Saul did not have a right or close relationship with the LORD. David and Saul had a highly complex relationship, pointing forward to the complexity there was a complex acceptance-rejection relationship between Israel and Christ. He uses the language of the hunt and chase to describe how he was. Consider the relationship between Saul and David in the book of 1 Samuel. Saul acknowledged David's goodness when he saw David could have killed him.
So he and his men left. David could have thought, "Now the king will restore me. Now the prophesy will come to pass. Surely he sees my heart and will treat me better now. Saul went after him again with the same three thousand soldiers. This probably devastated David.
How rejected he must have felt. Saul knew his heart and still moved against him.
Not one guard saw them because God had put them all in a deep sleep. These two men sneaked through the entire army to where Saul was sleeping. Abishai pleaded with David. Now therefore, please, let me strike him at once with the spear, right to the earth; and I will not have to strike him a second time! First, Saul had murdered eighty-five innocent priests and their families, in cold blood. Second, he was out with an army of three thousand to kill David and his followers.
Every court of law allows for that! They both pleaded their innocence, and accused their enemies of being unfair and hypocritical.Sean Paul, David Guetta - Mad Love ft. Becky G
Yet this must have been done from a genuine motive of love; as David loved Saul, as the thought of Saul's death must have torn at his heart, so the Lord Jesus loved Israel, weeping over Jerusalem, wishing to himself like a child for the impossible: Both David and Jesus had a real sense of direction, they could see that their mental, emotional and physical sufferings were leading them towards an altogether higher relationship with the Father. They took those sufferings as an almost welcome push towards the Father.
They had a sure sense of spiritual direction in all their afflictions; this accounts for the human loneliness which they both felt. David felt that no one else understood Ps.
The Hebrew for " understand" here is that translated " wise" concerning David in 1 Sam. True respect David saw Saul for who he was, the anointed of God. David's extreme respect for Saul is shown in the fact that Yahweh had explicitly told him that he would deliver Saul into David's hand, and David was free to do as he wished to him; but because of his genuine respect for Saul, David didn't take the liberty of killing him; indeed, he even felt guilty at cutting off the blue ribband from Saul's coat 1 Sam.
This would have been suicidal. For Saul wanted to kill him, and the Philistines also would have tried to kill David as a result of this. He would have had no place to run. But even to the point of political suicide and the serious risking of his own life, David so loved his enemy.
This true love leads to and is related to true respect. Often David calls Saul his master, describing himself as Saul's servant 1 Sam. This was no formal " Sincerely your brother and fellow-servant". This was a real conscious putting of himself down, as the Lord Jesus felt he was a worm rather than a man Ps. If only we would concentrate upon our own status and show some true respect for others on account of their being in the ecclesia, having even been anointed spiritually at their baptism 2 Cor.
We have shown how Paul deeply loved Corinth and respected them for their status as men and women in Christ 2in receipt of the Father's love and grace. Therefore he like David could love his enemies within the ecclesia Saul was in the ecclesia of Israel as much as David was.
What Is the Difference Between King David and King Saul?
He describes himself as responding to criticism like this: He saw the good in Saul, he remembered that one good example he showed- and it empowered him to follow it.
God thus confirmed David in his intentions- and yet at the last minute, it seems, David chose an even higher level; of love and deep respect for this spiritually sick man. Devotion To The word To achieve this state of mind must have required a lot of conscious thought and self-analysis by David. We get the sense that David pitted his wisdom against Saul's anger and bitter persecution; David's wisdom is mentioned in tandem with Saul's anger against him 1 Sam. These words are referring back to Dt.
David's charmed life and prospering despite all manner of plotting against him was due to his single-minded devotion to the Law; to those very chapters which tired Bible readers are wont to skip over as boring and not motivating.
Yet David found something immensely inspiring and practical about the Law.
A Tale of Two Kings: The Difference Between Saul and David
The word made him wiser than his foes Ps. The majestic Psalm was almost certainly written while David was in the court of Saul and then on the run from him 3. David's love of the word then was just supreme, staying up all night straining his eyes into those scrolls, up at the crack of dawn to get back at it.
It becomes rather a cliche. Yeah OK we know, we know. If we take nothing else away from this, please focus your mind on this, and keep the memory: I humbled my soul with fasting Perhaps David is reflecting here upon his attitude to Saul's death. Just think of it. This is surely one of the most powerful figures that could be employed. The next day, David reveals himself to Saul, showing the jug and spear as proof that he could have slain him. David then persuades Saul to reconcile with him; the two swear never to harm each other.
A Tale of Two Kings: The Difference Between Saul and David
After this they never see each other again. Battle of Gilboa and the death of King Saul[ edit ] The Battle of Gilboa, by Jean Fouquetthe protagonists depicted anachronistically with 15th Century armour The Philistines make war again, assembling at Shunemand Saul leads his army to face them at Mount Gilboa.
Before the battle he goes to consult a medium or witch at Endor. The medium, unaware of his identity, reminds him that the king has made witchcraft a capital offencebut he assures her that Saul will not harm her. She conjures the spirit of the prophet Samuelwho before his death had prophesied that he would lose the kingdom.
Samuel tells him that God has fully rejected him, will no longer hear his prayers, has given the kingdom to David and that the next day he will lose both the battle and his life. Saul collapses in fear, and the medium restores him with food in anticipation of the next day's battle.
In 1 Samuel, and in a parallel account in 1 Chronicles 10, as the defeated Israelites flee, Saul asks his armour bearer to kill him, but he refuses, and so Saul falls upon his own sword. David has the Amalekite put to death for accusing himself of killing the anointed king.
The victorious Philistines recover Saul's body as well as those of his three sons who also died in the battle, decapitated them and displayed them on the wall of Beth-shan. They display Saul's armour in the temple of Ashtaroth an Ascalonian temple of the Canaanites. But at night the inhabitants of Jabesh-Gilead retrieve the bodies for cremation and burial 1 Samuel Later on, David takes the bones of Saul and of his son Jonathan and buries them in Zela, in the tomb of his father 2 Samuel Saul died for his unfaithfulness which he had committed against the Lord, because he did not keep the word of the Lord, and also because he consulted a medium for guidance.
The birth-narrative of the prophet Samuel is found at 1 Samuel 1— It describes how Samuel's mother Hannah requests a son from Yahwehand dedicates the child to God at the shrine of Shiloh. The passage makes extensive play with the root-elements of Saul's name, and ends with the phrase hu sa'ul le-Yahweh, "he is dedicated to Yahweh. The majority explanation for the discrepancy is that the narrative originally described the birth of Saul, and was given to Samuel in order to enhance the position of David and Samuel at the former king's expense.
Before, Saul is presented in positive terms, but afterward his mode of ecstatic prophecy is suddenly described as fits of madness, his errors and disobedience to Samuel's instructions are stressed and he becomes a paranoiac. This may indicate that the David story is inserted from a source loyal to the House of David; David's lament over Saul in 2 Samuel 1 then serves an apologetic purpose, clearing David of the blame for Saul's death.
Samuel's words later clarify that God's repentance is not like human regret or reconsideration: The Strength of Israel will not lie nor relent.
For He is not a man, that He should relent. Understood in which sense, it can have no place in God. But it is often ascribed to him in the Scriptures when he alters his method of dealing with persons, and treats them as if he did indeed repent of the kindness he had shown them. Various authors have attempted to harmonize the two narratives regarding Saul's death. Josephus writes that Saul's attempted suicide was stalled because he was not able to run the sword through himself, and that he therefore asked the Amalekite to finish it.
On this view, 1 Samuel records what actually happened, while 2 Samuel records what the Amalekite claims happened. One is based on the reverse logic that punishment is a proof of guilt, and therefore seeks to rob Saul of any halo which might surround him; typically this view is similar to the republican source. The passage referring to Saul as a choice young man, and goodly 1 Samuel 9: According to this view, Saul is only a weak branch Gen.
The second view of Saul makes him appear in the most favourable light as man, as hero, and as king. This view is similar to that of the monarchical source.
In this view it was on account of his modesty that he did not reveal the fact that he had been anointed king 1 Samuel Nor was there any one more pious than he M. He was marvelously handsome; and the maidens who told him concerning Samuel cf 1 Samuel 9: In war he was able to march miles without rest. When he received the command to smite Amalek 1 Samuel For one found slain the Torah requires a sin offering [Deuteronomy If the old have sinned, why should the young suffer; and if men have been guilty, why should the cattle be destroyed?
It was this mildness that cost him his crown. And while Saul was merciful to his enemies, he was strict with his own people; when he found out that Ahimelecha kohen, had assisted David with finding food, Saul, in retaliation, killed the rest of the 85 kohanim of the family of Ahimelech and the rest of his hometown, Nov.
Yoma 22b ; Num. But if his mercy toward a foe was a sin, it was his only one; and it was his misfortune that it was reckoned against him, while David, although he had committed much iniquity, was so favored that it was not remembered to his injury Yoma 22b; M.
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- Saul’s Call
In some respects Saul was superior to David, e. Saul expended his own substance for the war, and although he knew that he and his sons would fall in battle, he nevertheless went forward, while David heeded the wish of his soldiers not to go to war in person 2 Samuel According to the Rabbis, Saul ate his food with due regard for the rules of ceremonial purity prescribed for the sacrifice Yalq.
As a reward for this, God himself gave Saul a sword on the day of battle, since no other sword suitable for him was found ibid Saul's attitude toward David finds its excuse in the fact that his courtiers were all tale-bearers, and slandered David to him Deut. Saul is the chosen one of God Ber.
His anger at the Gibeonites 2 Samuel The fact that he made his daughter remarry 1 Samuel During the lifetime of Saul there was no idolatry in Israel.