The Last of the Haussmans – review | Stage | The Guardian
It seems to be open season on the baby-boomer generation in the English theatre at the moment. First we had Love, Love, Love from Mike. But The Last of the Haussmans, affectionately and patiently directed by supposedly re-entering the real world by having a family meeting to. Haussmann's renovation of Paris was a vast public works program commissioned by Emperor Haussmann's work was met with fierce opposition, and he was finally dismissed by Napoleon III in ; but work on his projects continued until.
The Last of the Haussmans
He had been especially impressed by London, with its wide streets, squares and large public parks. In he gave a public speech declaring: Let us apply our efforts to embellishing this great city. Let us open new streets, make the working class quarters, which lack air and light, more healthy, and let the beneficial sunlight reach everywhere within our walls".
He wanted both these projects to be completed before the end of his term inbut became frustrated by the slow progress made by his prefect of the Seine, Berger. If they had been built, the one lake would have immediately emptied itself into the other. He wanted to run for re-election inbut was blocked by the new Constitution, which limited him to one term.
A majority of members of parliament voted to change the Constitution, but not the two-thirds majority required. His opponents were arrested or exiled. They also built the Bois de Boulogne park green area on the leftthe Bois de Vincennes park containing a zoo green area on the rightthe Parc des Buttes-Chaumontthe Parc Montsouris and dozens of smaller parks and squares.
Bordeauxwho impressed Persigny with his energy, audacity, and ability to overcome or get around problems and obstacles. In February the French Senate had simplified the laws on expropriation, giving him the authority to expropriate all the land on either side of a new street; and he did not have to report to the Parliament, only to the Emperor.
This became a model for the building of all of Haussmann's future boulevards. The rue de Rivoli was completed, and the new hotel opened in Marchin time to welcome guests to the Exposition. The north-south axis was completed in Haussmann's Boulevard Saint-Germain was designed as the main east-west axis of the left bank.
In the first phase of his renovation Haussmann constructed 9, metres 6 miles of new boulevards, at a net cost of million francs. The official parliamentary report of found that it had "brought air, light and healthiness and procured easier circulation in a labyrinth that was constantly blocked and impenetrable, where streets were winding, narrow, and dark.Taron Egerton First Kissing Scene onstage Play "The Last Of The Haussmans"
His second phase, approved by the Emperor and parliament in and begun inwas much more ambitious. He intended to build a network of wide boulevards to connect the interior of Paris with the ring of grand boulevards built by Louis XVIII during the restoration, and to the new railroad stations which Napoleon III considered the real gates of the city. He planned to construct 26, metres 16 miles of new avenues and streets, at a cost of million francs.
On the right bank: This involved demolishing the famous theater street known as "le boulevard du Crime", made famous in the film Les Enfants du Paradis ; and the construction of three new major streets: Boulevard Voltaire became one of the longest streets in the city, and became the central axis of the eastern neighborhoods of the city. The extension of boulevard Magenta to connect it with the new railway station, the Gare du Nord. The construction of boulevard Malesherbes, to connect the place de la Madeleine to the new Monceau neighborhood.
The construction of this street obliterated one of the most sordid and dangerous neighborhoods in the city, called la Petite Pologne, where Paris policemen rarely ventured at night. A new square, place de l'Europein front of the Gare Saint-Lazare railway station.
The station was served by two new boulevards, rue de Rome and rue Saint-Lazaire. In addition, the rue de Madrid was extended and two other streets, rue de Rouen the modern rue Auber and rue Halevy, were built in this neighborhood. Parc Monceau was redesigned and replanted, and part of the old park made into a residential quarter. The rue de Londres and rue de Constantinople, under a new name, avenue de Villierswas extended to porte Champerret. Avenue Daumesnil was built as far as the new Bois de Vincennesa huge new park being constructed on the east edge of the city.
The hill of Chaillot was leveled, and a new square created at the Pont d'Alma.
Haussmann's renovation of Paris - Wikipedia
Three new boulevards were built in this neighborhood: In addition, four new streets were built in that neighborhood: Two new boulevards, avenue Bosquet and avenue Rapp, were constructed, beginning from the pont de l'Alma.
The avenue de la Tour Maubourg was extended as far as the pont des Invalides. A new street, boulevard Arago, was constructed, to open up place Denfert-Rochereau. A new street, avenue des Gobelins, was created, and part of rue Mouffetard was expanded. Another new street, rue Monge, was created on the east, while another new street, rue Claude Bernard, on the south. Rue Soufflot, built by Rambuteau, was entirely rebuilt. The island became an enormous construction site, which completely destroyed most of the old streets and neighborhoods.
Two new government buildings, the Tribunal de Commerce and the Prefecture de Policewere built, occupying a large part of the island. Two bridges, the pont Saint-Michel and the pont-au-Change were completely rebuilt, along with the embankments near them.
The Palais de Justice and place Dauphine were extensively modified. At the same time, Haussmann preserved and restored the jewels of the island; the square in front of the Cathedral of Notre Dame was widened, the spire of the Cathedral, pulled down during the Revolution, was restored, and Sainte-Chapelle and the ancient Conciergerie were saved and restored. Haussmann was especially criticized for his taking large parts of the Jardin du Luxembourg to make room for the present-day boulevard Raspail, and for its connection with the boulevard Saint-Michel.
The Medici Fountain had to be moved further into the park, and was reconstructed with the addition of statuary and a long basin of water.
The residents of these suburbs were not entirely happy to be annexed; they did not want to pay the higher taxes, and wanted to keep their independence, but they had no choice; Napoleon III was Emperor, and he could arrange boundaries as he wished.
With the annexation Paris was enlarged from twelve to twenty arrondissements, the number today. The annexation more than doubled the area of the city from 3, hectares to 7, hectares, and the population of Paris instantly grew byto 1, persons.
To connect the plain of Monceau, he built avenues Villers, Wagram, and boulevard Malesherbes. Napoleon III had decided to liberalize his empire inand to give a greater voice to the parliament and to the opposition.
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The Emperor had always been less popular in Paris than in the rest of the country, and the republican opposition in parliament focused its attacks on Haussmann. Haussmann ignored the attacks and went ahead with the third phase, which planned the construction of twenty eight kilometers of new boulevards at an estimated cost of million francs. Extending the rue Caulaincourt and preparing a future Pont Caulaincourt.
Finishing the place in front of the Gare du Nord. Rue Maubeuge was extended from Montmartre to the boulevard de la Chapelle, and rue Lafayette was extended to the porte de Pantin. Extending Boulevard Haussmann from the place Saint-Augustin to rue Taitbout, connecting the new quarter of the Opera with that of Etoile.
The first is very funny and well-written with some clever and witty one liners. Libby's teenage daughter well played by Isabella Laughland is a typical adolescent who supposedly loathes her mother with a vengeance and the conflict between the two is superbly captured. All pretty good stuff. But when we get to the second half, the pace slows almost to a total standstill by the time Libby meets up with swimmer Daniel near the end.
The Last of the Haussmans – Variety
There is confrontation, in the kitchen of course, between the two siblings and their mother. Anger flies through the atmosphere of stale food like sparks from a Van de Graaff generator you'll have to look that up! The ending is entirely predictable. I frequently tell a friend from America — a slavishly obsessed devotee of the National Theatre, and coincidentally called Judy - that she would move in to live in the building if she could.
Well, she would simply adore living in the house designed for this play by Vicki Mortimer. It gives the impression of a family who gave up niceties like having 'pride in appearance' years ago or never heard of the conceptor of people who have forgotten what maintenance means, or how to paint, polish, scrub or any other way of keeping a home looking ship-shape. The once-gorgeous house has been allowed to fall into rambling decay with faded, tattered bunting strewn everywhere and, thanks to Ms Mortimer's meticulous attention to detail, we can even see grass peeping over the large tank at the top of the drainpipe and growing from cracks on the roof and elsewhere.
It is a wonderfully-crafted set. When I am left with unanswered questions or unsatisfactory explanations, it always niggles. Here, there are some apparent inconsistencies, or issues that do not add-up, or just seem odd.
First, Rory Kinnear 's Nick is terrified of meeting his mother again when he arrives back at the family home. Even the sound of Judy's voice has him dithering and quivering and reaching for the gin bottle. Well, I had expected that Julie Walters' Judy was going to be the mother from hell, maybe sporting an extra eye in the middle of her forehead or shambling about the house with a meat cleaver in hand, or something along those lines.
With her long, flowing grey hair, she could be a female Gandalf and about as kind, at least for the most part. And when Nick eventually meets her face-to-face, the welcome from his mother is warm and generously sincere. So how come he was so worried? My neighbour and I discussed this briefly during the interval, and we expected an answer in the second half, but a satisfactory explanation never came.
Another niggle concerns the cleaning-up of the house.