Texas Legislative Sessions
The Legislature of the state of Texas is the state legislature of Texas. The legislature is a bicameral body composed of a member Senate and a member House of Representatives. The state legislature meets at the Capitol in Austin. Only the governor may call the Legislature into special sessions, unlike other states. Types of legislative sessions. varies among the states. In 15 states, only the governor may call a special session. Alabama, Indiana, Mississippi, Texas Special Session Can Be Called by Governor or Legislature . Meeting Resources. The Legislature meets Tuesday for the start of a special session. The first order of business: a bill that would keep five state agencies in operation. But a governor alone calls special sessions and sets the agenda. The Texas Constitution states that a special session can be no longer than 30 days.Texas Legislature Explained
The speaker is the presiding officer of the house of representatives. The Texas Constitution requires the house of representatives, each time a new legislature convenes, to choose one of its own members to serve as speaker. As presiding officer, the speaker maintains order during floor debate, recognizing legislators who wish to speak and ruling on procedural matters. The constitution also requires the speaker to sign all bills and joint resolutions passed by the legislature.
As a member of the house of representatives, the speaker may vote on all questions before the house. The other duties and responsibilities of the speaker are determined by the members of the house in the House Rules of Procedure, which are adopted by a majority vote of the members at the beginning of each regular session of the legislature.
The members give the speaker the authority to appoint the membership of each standing committee, subject to rules on seniority, and to designate the chair and vice chair for each committee. Under the rules, the speaker is responsible for referring all proposed legislation to committee, subject to the committee jurisdictions set forth in the rules.
The rules also allow the speaker to appoint conference committees, to create select committees, and to direct committees to conduct interim studies when the legislature is not in session.
How often does the legislature meet? The Legislature of the State of Texas, operating under the biennial system, convenes its regular sessions at noon on the second Tuesday in January of odd-numbered years.
The maximum duration of a regular session is days. The governor is given authority under the state constitution to convene the legislature at other times during the biennium.
Such sessions are known as called or special sessions and are reserved for legislation that the governor deems critically important in the conduct of state affairs. Called sessions are limited to a period of 30 days, during which the legislature is permitted to pass laws only on subjects submitted by the governor in calling for the session. How does the house differ from the senate? There are members of the house of representatives as opposed to 31 members of the senate.
Frequently Asked Questions
According to the most recent census figures, the ideal house district population isas opposed to an ideal population offor each senate district. Senators serve four-year terms and represent a relatively large number of constituents, whereas house members serve two-year terms and represent a smaller number of constituents.
House members are therefore able to remain more closely in tune to the needs and concerns of their constituents. For this reason, the state constitution requires that all bills increasing taxes or raising revenue for use by the state originate in the house of representatives. How do I send an e-mail to my representative? Go to your representative's page and click on Send Email to bring up a response form. Here's an alphabetical list of members. Not all members use e-mail.
How do I find a list of all members' phone numbers and addresses? Here is a list of House directories. How do I find bills on a subject I'm interested in?
Texas House of Representatives - Frequently Asked Questions
Go to Bill Search and choose a recent legislative session to get a list of subjects. You can also search for bills by a representative's name, by committee, or by a word or phrase in the text of the bill. How do I find the status of a specific bill? Arizona Upon presentation to the governor of a petition signed by not less than two-thirds of the members of each house.
Colorado By written request of two-thirds of the members of each house to the presiding officer of each house. Connecticut 1 Upon presentation to the secretary of state of a petition signed by two-thirds of the members of each house or 2 by joint call of the presiding officers of both houses. Delaware By mutual call of the presiding officers of both houses. Florida 1 Upon the filing with the Department of State of a joint proclamation by the president of the Senate and speaker of the House or 2 if three-fifths of the members of both houses respond affirmatively to a poll by the Department of State—the poll being initiated by certificates from 20 percent of the members of the Legislature.
Georgia Upon presentation to the governor of a petition signed by three-fifths of the members of each house, with a copy to the secretary of state.
Hawaii By written request of two-thirds of the members of each house to the presiding officer of each house. Illinois Upon the filing with the secretary of state of a joint proclamation by the presiding officers of both houses.
What Is The Special Session And Who Pays For It? | KERA News
Iowa By written request of two-thirds of the members of each house to the presiding officer of each house. Kansas Upon presentation to the governor of a petition signed by at least two-thirds of the members elected to each house. Louisiana By written petition of a majority of the members elected to each house to the presiding officers of both houses Maine On the call of the president of the Senate and speaker of the House, with the consent of a majority of the members of the Legislature of each political party, all members having been first polled.
Maryland Upon presentation to the governor of a petition signed by a majority of the members elected to the Senate and to the House of Delegates. Massachusetts Upon presentation to the clerk of the respective chamber of written statements of—and subsequent vote of—21 members of the Senate and 81 members of the House of Representatives Missouri By joint proclamation of the president pro tem of the Senate and the speaker of the House, upon filing with the secretary of state a petition signed by three-fourths of the members of the Senate and House.
Everything you need to know about Texas' special legislative session
Montana At the written request of a majority of the members. Nebraska By proclamation of the governor, upon filing with the secretary of state a petition signed by 10 or more members of the Legislature and a subsequent poll by the secretary of state approved by two-thirds or more of the members.
Nevada By petition signed by two-thirds od the members of both the Senate and Assembly. New Hampshire By a two-thirds vote or petition of the qualified members of each branch of the General Court.