Palatine Chapel at Aachen | pdl-inc.info
Odo of Metz, Palatine Chapel at Aachen, Although the most recent studies Update Required To play the media you will need to either update your Mobile App The building shows analogies with Byzantine architectural models dating There is also a clear reference to the basilica of San Vitale in Ravenna. Download the Android app! 24 terms You just studied 24 terms! Start over Name: Aachen, Palatine Chapel (Palace Chapel of Charlemagne) Date: Name: Westwork, Abbey Church Clear geometry and powerful masses of the exterior. There are three different axes along which the building has been laid out. architectural reference to the Emperor's palatine chapel. Historical perspective observations apply as well to architecture. It has been chapel has quite clearly remained a compelling image in the .. "The columns in our church have, mind you, historical .. and the general perception that Aachen had to be related to.
Insignem hanc dignitatis aulam Karolus caesar magnus instituit; egregius Odo magister explevit, Metensi fotus in urbe quiescit.Aachen Cathedral (UNESCO/NHK)
Nothing more is known of him. The building he designed has a simple exterior and a complex interior, with a double shell octagonal dome resting on heavy piers, a two-story elevation, and elaborate revetment  and decoration. In Otto Ithe first Holy Roman Emperor of the Ottonian dynastytook advantage of the chapel's close association with Charlemagne and held his coronation as King of Germany there.
Holy Roman Emperors continued to be crowned in the Palatine Chapel until The plan and decoration owe much to the sixth-century Basilica of San VitaleRavenna. Indeed, Charlemagne visited Ravenna three times, the first in In that year he wrote to Pope Hadrian I and requested "mosaic, marbles, and other materials from floors and walls" in Rome and Ravenna, for his palace.
The construction, including barrel and groin vaults and an octagonal cloister-vault in the dome, reflects late Romanor Pre-Romanesquepractices rather than the Byzantine techniques employed at San Vitaleand its plan simplifies the complex geometry of the Ravenna building. Multi-coloured marble veneer is used to create a sumptuous interior.
Aachen Cathedral - Wikipedia
The chapel makes use of ancient spoliaconceivably from Ravenna Einhard claimed they were from Rome and Ravennaas well as newly carved materials. The bronze decoration is of extraordinarily high quality, especially the doors with lions heads and the interior railings, with their Corinthian order columns and acanthus scrolls. The dome was decorated originally with a fresco, and later with mosaic.
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Works of earlier cathedral architects mostly followed either the Drusian foot mm or the Roman foot However, these measurements require complex theories to explain the church's actual dimensions. Eight was a symbol of the eighth day Sunday as the sabbath and therefore symbolised the Resurrection of Jesus Christ and the promise of eternal life.
Likewise, ten, the number of perfection in Medieval architectural symbolism, is frequent in the Palatine Chapel: Its diameter including the circuit surrounding the dome measures a hundred Carolingian feet i.
It is a two-story building, completed by a porch from the 18th century at the west end.
Palatine Chapel, Aachen - Wikipedia
The main entrance to the cathedral, the door was cast in Aachen around and was located between the westwork and the octagon in the so-called hexadecagon up to The portal was restored in These boxes were framed by decorative strips, which are made of egg-shaped decorations. The egg was considered a symbol of life and fertility from antiquity. In Christian belief it was imbued with the even wider symbolism of Eternal Life.
The door-rings in the shape of lions' heads are wreathed by 24 i. Its base is clearly Ottonian and includes an inscription written in Leonine hexameterwhich refers to the Tigris and Euphrates rivers of Mesopotamia. According to one view, the pine cone would originally have served as a waterspout on a fountain and would have been placed in the atrium of the Palatine chapel in Carolingian times.
Inside, it bulges outward, while the outside bulges inwards, so that the Carolingian west wall can be seen as a convex-concave bulge. Before the construction of the porch in the 18th century, the Carolingian west facade, when seen from the Narthexwas particularly evocative: Today, the western wall is broken up by the large western window.
The large window frame dates from the Gothic period and replaced a smaller window from Carolingian times, which was probably structured as a mullion a double arch with a column in the centre. Bronze and unprocessed quartz form the window itself.
The function of the upstairs part of the west facade is not entirely clear. Furthermore, in the western wall, under the great west window, there is a Fensetella small window even today, through which there is line of sight to the court below, the former atrium.
The lower, barrel-vaulted room in the west probably served as Charlemagne 's sepulchre after his death on 28 January and his burial in the Persephone sarcophagus.
The floors of the western facade lying above this room were remodelled in the first half of the 14th century and in the 17th century; the tower was completed between and Choir[ edit ] Between andon the initiative of the Marienstift and the Mayor of Aachen Gerhard Chorus —a Gothic Choir was built to the east of the Octagon.
Before this there must have been a rectangular Carolingian choir. The Gothic choir measures 25m in length, 13m wide and 32m high. This was conceived as a glass reliquary for the holy relics of Aachen and for the body of Charlemagne.
The design is arranged on the model of the Sainte-Chapelle in Parislikewise a space for important relics and a royal palace chapel. For protection of the vault of the choir, iron rods were built in at the time of construction, to counter the lateral force on the narrow stone supports and to allow as much space as possible between them for window space.
Karlsschrein between and Eagle lectern with bat15th century Marienschreinamong the Aachen reliquaries. Ambon of Henry II on the south wall of the first choir bay Organ Side chapels[ edit ] Gathered around the octagon are several side chapels. Clockwise from the southeast, they are: In the southeast, the Matthiaskapelle Chapel of St Matthewwhich was built in the late 14th century, at the same time as the choir which is next to it. The lower level of this was originally the narthex to one of the Cathedral gates, but later the doors were sealed and the room turned into a chapel.
South of the western facade is the Chapel of Hungary. Originally a gothic side chapel as well, it was remodelled in the baroque style in the 18th century, following the plans of the Italian architect Joseph Moretti. It was formerly the burial place of the canons of Aachen cathedral. Throne of Charlemagne[ edit ] Main article: