ZEUS FAMILY - Greek Mythology
Learn about the Greek god of the sky and king of the gods, Zeus. and Semele) but was married to his sister Hera – goddess of marriage and monogamy. In his position as king of the gods, Zeus had to play mediator when other the immortals were mad at each other. Zeus fathered Perseus by impregnating Danaë. In Greek mythology, Perseus is the legendary founder of Mycenae and of the Perseid dynasty, Perseus was the son of Zeus and Danaë, the daughter of Acrisius, King of Argos. Disappointed by his lack of luck in Perseus slew the monster and, setting her free, claimed her in marriage. Perseus rescuing Andromeda from. The only son of Zeus and Danae – and, thus, a half-god by birth – Perseus was of the Seripheans; and it seems that he managed the situation quite superbly, He tried wooing her and eventually even asked her hand in marriage, but the.
His only obstacle was, naturally, her son; so, the king devised a cunning plan to get rid of Perseus. Namely, Polydectes pretended that he had proposed Hippodameiathe daughter of Oenomausthe king of Pisa in Elis.
On royal orders, every citizen of Seriphos was now obliged to bring a horse as a contribution for the bride-gift Hippodamia means "tamer of horses" ; being poor, Perseus could not oblige, so he asked Polydectes to name any other gift: After all, even a single glance from the snake-haired monster was sufficient to turn a man into a stone.
The Quest for the Gorgon Medusa Perseus is most famous for his expedition against the Gorgonsduring which he slew the only mortal of the three, Medusataking with him her severed head — capable of turning anyone into stone — and using it as a powerful weapon.
Fortunately for Perseusthe gods cast a merciful look upon his despair: On their advice, Perseus headed off to find the Graeaethe sisters of the Gorgonswho were supposed to give him further directions.
The Graeae and the Nymphs The Graeae were three grey-haired women who lived in a cave and shared a single eye and a tooth among them. When one of them was about to give the eye and the tooth to one of the others, Perseus grabbed them and blackmailed the Graeae to aid him.
Having no choice but to oblige, the Graeae informed Perseus that he should go and visit certain nymphs of the north, who not only knew the location of the Gorgons but also owned winged sandals and a kibisis, probably something akin to a magic, impenetrable bag. Upon arriving among the hospitable nymphs, Perseus learned that they also keep possession of an even more precious item: Wearing it, he saw whom he pleased, but was not seen by others.
And having received also from Hermes an adamantine sickle, he flew to the ocean and caught the Gorgons asleep. To emulate the sound of this lament, Athena invented the music of the double pipe, the aulos. Back in Seriphos, upon learning that he had harassed his mother, Perseus turned Polydectes into stone. Afterward, accidentally, he killed his grandfather Acrisius as well, thus fulfilling the prophecy which caused his wanderings in the first place.
⚡️Zeus ⚡️• Facts and Information on Greek God of the Sky
Atlas On his way back to Seriphos, Perseus came across the Titan Atlascondemned to hold the heavens on his shoulders. Cetus and Andromeda Traversing further through Africa, Perseus reached the land of the Aethiopians ruled by the good, but unfortunate king Cepheus. With the supremacy of Zeus and the other Olympian gods established, Gaea's position is eclipsed. Demeter, the sister of Zeus, incorporates many of the aspects of the Great Goddess, while the different functions of Gaea are divided among goddesses.The Story of Medusa ~ Greek Mythology ~ (without music)
Under the Olympian Gods, earth and heaven are split eternally. In myth heroes and gods are created to dominate and subjugate the female and natural forces over and over again in various forms, the most common of them being gigantic snakes and serpent monsters.
The chthonic identity of the Great Goddess becomes associated with powers of darkness, chaos, and death that need to be subdued by the Olympian gods.
What had been cyclical with the Great Goddess becomes cut so that instead of being associated with the cycle of life, death, and regeneration, she becomes identified with the negative functions. Metope from the Temple at Selinus c. Pegasus, the winged horse that sprang from the severed neck, is being held by Medusa. Perseus gave the head of Medusa to Athena who mounted it on her breastplate, the gorgoneion.
A comparison of one of the large number of representations of the story of Perseus Medusa from Archaic Greek art to the Minoan Snake Goddess illustrates the profound change that occurred with the supremacy of the Olympian Gods. A striking aspect of the Snake Goddess is her frontality combined with her hypnotic stare. The power of this stare was probably intended to strike the original viewers with intense religious feelings of of terror and awe. This expression transcends categories of good and evil.
On the other hand, it was the sight of the "terrible" visage of Medusa that would turn men into stone. The powerful gaze in the Minoan work becomes entirely negative and demonized and something to be overcome in the figure of Medusa.
Perseus, the son of Zeus and the mortal Danae, slays Medusa with his sword, and thus he destroys the terrifying chthonic powers of the female for more on Medusa see the paper by Alicia Le Van. The following excerpt from Bullfinch's Mythology illustrates how the demonization of Medusa persists into our modern imagination: Medusa was a terrible monster who had laid waste to the country. She was once a beautiful maiden whose hair was her chief glory, but as she dared to vie in beauty with Athena, the goddess deprived her of her charms and changed her beautiful ringlets into hissing serpents.
She became a cruel monster of so frightening an aspect that no living thing could behold her without being turned into stone.
All around the cavern where she dwelt might be seen the stony figures of men and animals which had chanced to catch a glimpse of her and had been petrified with the sight.
Perseus, favored by Athena and Hermes, the former of whom lent him her shield and the latter his winged shoes, approached Medusa while she slept, and taking care not to look directly at her, but guided by her image reflected in the bright shield which he bore, he cut off her head and gave it to Athena, who fixed it in the middle of her Aegis. The story of Medusa has reemerged in poststructuralist literary theory.