Relationship between Humans and Nature Essay Example for Free
Free Essay: The relationship between God and his creations humans can be said to show what the relationship tells us about the nature of God and mankind. Of Mice and Men George and Lennie's Relationship - Essay . role of an unfaithful tramp, marrying a man for whom she feels no sense of affection because she is trapped in the caged environment of small-town life. . Francis Bacon Essays. Environmental Topics and Essays The ability of humans to manipulate the landscape and recognize the consequences of doing so puts us Our relationship with nature has historically been one of imbalance and overuse.
Churchill,concerning which a learned friend, who has carefully examined it, gives the following account: It is compiled with accuracy and judgment, and is in every respect worthy of that masterly writer.
I have compared it with Mr. Locke has every where observed an exact chronological order in the arrangement of his texts, which arrangement perfectly corresponds with that of the History. It would have been very difficult to throw a multitude of citations from the four evangelists into such a chronological series without the assistance of some Harmony, but Mr.
Doddridge supposes, yet the whole narrative and particular arrangement of facts is so very different, that Mr. Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Wisdom, and Ecclesiasticus, in one vol. This useful work is given by tradition to Mr. Locke, and his name often written before it accordingly. It was printed for his old booksellers A. Churchill, and is thought by some good judges to bear evident marks of authenticity: A letter to Mrs.
Cockburn, not inserted before in any collection of Mr. It was sent with a present of books to that lady, on her being discovered to have written a Defence of his Essay against some Edition: Locke at the end of his Reply to bish. Stillingfleet in ; the two others were left to the animadversion of his friends. Cockburn, to whom the letter under consideration is addressed, finished her Defence of the Essay in December,when she was but twenty-two years old, and published it May,the author being industriously concealed: Holdsworth on his injurious imputations cast upon Mr.
Locke concerning the Resurrection of the same Body, printed in ; and afterwards an elaborate Vindication of Mr. Birch,and the forementioned letter added here below, Vol. Of the same kind of correspondence is the curious letter to Mr. Bold, inwhich is also inserted in the 9th volume, p. Bold, inset forth a piece, entitled, Some Considerations on the principal Objections and Arguments which have been published against Mr.
Bold may be seen at large in the letter itself, Vol. Pococke was first published in a collection of his letters, by Curl,which collection is not now to be met with and some extracts made from it by Dr. Twells, in his Life of that learned author, [Theol. Smith of Dartmouth, who had prepared materials for that life but without specifying either the subject or occasion. Perhaps it might afford matter of more curiosity to compare some parts of his Essay with Mr. Locke had taken very great pains, and likewise altered many passages of the original, in order to make them more clear and easy to be translated.
Norris; which has likewise been attributed to Mr.
Relationship between Humans and Nature Essay
Locke, and has his name written before it in a copy now in the library of Sion College, but others Edition: Of the same excellent lady Mr. Locke gives the following character to Limborch: We cannot in this place forbear lamenting the suppression of some of Mr. His Right Method of searching after Truth, which Le Clerc mentions, is hardly to be met with; nor can a tract which we have good ground to believe that he wrote, in the Unitarian Controversy, be well distinguished at this distance of time; unless it prove to be the following piece, which some ingenious persons have judged to be his; and if they are right in their conjecture, as I have no doubt but they are; the address to himself that is prefixed to it must have been made on purpose to conceal the true author, as a more attentive perusal of the whole tract will convince any one, and at the same time show what reason there was for so extremely cautious a proceeding.
Part of the long title runs thus: London, printed in the year47 pages, 4to. It is uncertain whether he lived to finish that System of Ethics which his friend Molyneux so frequently recommended to him; but from a letter to the same person, dated Aprilit appears that he had several plans by him, which either were never executed, or never saw the light. A work which seems to be but little known at present, though there was a tenth edition of it in The conclusion is taken almost verbatim from Mr.
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Thirteen letters to Dr. We are informed, that there is a great number of original letters of Mr. Locke, now in the hands of the Rev. Tooke, chaplain to the British factory at Petersburgh; but have no proper means of applying for them. Forty letters to Edward Clarke, esq. Perhaps some readers think that the Edition: See the letter in Vol. The two letters from lord Shaftesbury and sir Peter King, will speak for themselves.
It may likewise be observed, that our author has met with the fate of most eminent writers, whose names give a currency to whatever passes under them, viz. Beside those abovementioned, there is a Common-place Book to the Bible, first published inand afterwards swelled out with a great deal of matter, ill digested, and all declared to be Mr.
The second edition, with sculptures. By John Locke, gent. But it is high time to conduct the reader to Mr. I wish it were in my power to give so clear and just a view of these as might serve to point out their proper uses, and thereby direct young unprejudiced readers to a more beneficial study of them. The Essay on Human Understanding, that most distinguished of all his works, is to be considered as a system, at its first appearance absolutely new, and directly Edition: Now as it seldom happens that the person who first suggests a discovery in any science is at the same time solicitous, or perhaps qualified to lay open all the consequences that follow from it; in such a work much of course is left to the reader, who must carefully apply the leading principles to many cases and conclusions not there specified.
To what else but a neglect of this application shall we impute it that there are still numbers amongst us who profess to pay the greatest deference to Mr. Locke, and to be well acquainted with his writings, and would perhaps take it ill to have this pretension questioned; yet appear either wholly unable, or unaccustomed, to draw the natural consequence from any one of his principal positions?
Why, for instance, do we still continue so unsettled in the first principles and foundation of morals? Locke went a far different way to work, at the very entrance on his Essay, pointing out the true origin of all our passions and affections, i. From whence also it may well be concluded that moral propositions are equally capable of certainty, and that such certainty is equally reducible to strict demonstration here as in other sciences, since they consist of the very same kind of ideas [viz.
In the same plain and popular introduction, when he has been proving that men think not always, [a position which, as he observes, letter to Molyneux, August 4,was then admitted in a commencement act at Cambridge for probable, and which few there now-a-days are found weak enough to question] how come we not to attend him through the genuine consequences of that proof? This would soon let us into the true nature Edition: Whereas, if we could be persuaded to quit every arbitrary hypothesis, and trust to fact and experience, a sound sleep any night would yield sufficient satisfaction in the present case, which thus may derive light even from the darkest parts of nature; and which will the more merit our regard, since the same point has been in some measure confirmed to us by revelation, as our author has likewise shown in his introduction to the Reasonableness of Christianity.
The abovementioned essay contains some more refined speculations which are daily gaining ground among thoughtful and intelligent persons, notwithstanding the neglect and the contempt to which studies of this kind Edition: And when we consider the force of bigotry, and the prejudice in favour of antiquity which adheres to narrow minds, it must be matter of surprise to find so small a number of exceptions made to some of his disquisitions which lie out of the common road.
Letters between him and Molyneux and Limborch. And happy are those inquirers who can discern the extent of their faculties! Connected in some sort with the forementioned essay, and in their way equally valuable, are his tracts on Education and the early Conduct of the Understanding; both worthy, as we apprehend, of a more careful perusal than is commonly bestowed upon them, the latter more especially, which seems to be little known and less attended to.
It contains an easy popular illustration Edition: The former tract abounds with no less curious and entertaining than useful observations on the various tempers and dispositions of youth: The several editions of this treatise, which has been much esteemed by foreigners, with the additions made to it abroad, may be seen in Gen.
The public rights of mankind, the great object of political union; the authority, extent, and bounds of civil government in consequence of such union; these were subjects which engaged, as they deserved, his most serious attention. Nor was he more industrious here in establishing sound principles and pursuing them consistently, than firm and zealous in support of them, in the worst of times, to the injury of his fortune, and at the peril of his life, as may be seen more fully in the life annexed ; to which may be added, that such zeal and firmness must appear in him the more meritorious, if joined with that timorousness and irresolution which is there observed Edition: Witness his famous Letter from a Person of Quality, giving an account of the debates and resolutions in the house of lords concerning a bill for establishing passive Obedience, and enacting new oaths to inforce it: Nor will it be improper to remark how seasonable a recollection of Mr.
Nor was the religious liberty of mankind less dear to our author than their civil rights, or less ably asserted by him. How closely does he pursue the adversary through all his subterfuges, and strip intolerance of all her pleas!
From one who knew so well how to direct the researches of the human mind, it was natural to expect that Christianity and the scriptures would not be neglected, but rather hold the chief place in his inquiries. These were accordingly the object of his more mature meditations; which were no less successfully employed upon them, as may be seen in part above.
In his Paraphrase and Notes upon the epistles of St. Paul, how fully does our author obviate the erroneous doctrines that of absolute reprobation in particularwhich had been falsely charged upon the apostle!
Paul; touching the propriety and pertinence of whose writings to their several subjects and occasions, he appears to have formed the most just conception, and thereby confessedly led the way to some of our best modern interpreters.
I cannot dismiss this imperfect account of Mr. Locke and his works, without giving way to a painful reflection; which the consideration of them naturally excites. When we view the variety of those very useful and important subjects which have been treated in so able a manner by our author, and become sensible of the numerous national obligations due to his memory on that account, with what indignation must we behold the remains of that great and good man, lying under a mean, mouldering tomb-stone, [which but too strictly verifies the prediction he had given of it, and its little tablet, as ipsa brevi peritura] in an obscure country church-yard — by the side of a forlorn wood—while so many superb monuments are daily erected to perpetuate names and characters hardly worth preserving!
Books and treatises written, or supposed to be written, by Mr. The History of our Saviour Jesus Christ. Select Books of the Old Testament and Apocrypha, paraphrased. Discourse on the Love of God. Right Method of searching after Truth.
Common Place-Book to the Bible.
Having heard that some of Mr. Palmer, he was so obliging as to offer that a search should be made after them, and orders given for communicating all that could be found there; but as this notice comes unhappily too late to be made use of on the present occasion, I can only take the liberty of intimating it along with some other sources of intelligence, which I have endeavoured to lay open, and which may probably afford matter for a supplemental volume, as abovementioned. He was born at Wrington, another market-town in the same county.
John Locke, the father, was first a clerk only to a neighbouring justice of the peace, Francis Baber, of Chew Magna, but by col. After the restoration he practised as an attorney, and was clerk of the sewers in Somersetshire.
Locke had one younger brother, an attorney, married, but died issueless, of a consumption. By the interest of col. Popham, our author was admitted a scholar at Westminster, and thence elected to Christ-Church in Oxon. He took the degree of bachelor of arts inand that of master in The first books which gave him a relish for the study of philosophy, were the writings of Des Cartes: After some time he applied himself very closely to the study of medicine; not with any design of practising as a physician, but principally for the benefit of his own constitution, which was but weak.
And we find he gained such esteem for his skill, even among the most learned of the faculty of his time, that Dr. John Locke, who, if we consider his genius, and penetrating and exact judgment, or the purity of his morals, has scarce any superiour, and few equals, now living. In the yearsir William Swan being appointed envoy from the English court to the elector of Brandenburgh, and some other German princes, Mr. The occasion of their acquaintance was this. Lord Ashley, by a fall, had hurt his breast in such a manner, that there was an abscess formed in it under his stomach.
He was advised to drink the mineral waters at Astrop, which engaged him to write to Dr. Thomas, a physician of Oxford, to procure a quantity of those waters, which might be ready against his arrival. Thomas being obliged to be absent from Oxford at that time, desired his friend Mr. Locke to execute this commission. Locke was obliged to wait on his lordship to make an excuse for it. Lord Ashley received him with great civility, according to his usual manner, and was satisfied with his excuses.
Upon his rising to go away, his lordship, who had already received great pleasure from his conversation, detained him to supper, and engaged him to dine with him the next day, and even to drink the waters, that he might have the more of his company. When his lordship left Oxford to go to Sunning-Hill, where he drank the waters, he made Mr. Locke promise to come thither, as he did in the summer of the year Locke went thither, and though he had never practised physic, his lordship confided intirely in his advice, with regard to the operation which was to be performed by opening the abscess in his breast; which saved his life, though it never closed.
After this cure, his lordship entertained so great an esteem for Mr. Locke, that though he had experienced his great skill in medicine, yet he regarded this as the least of his qualifications.
He advised him to turn his thoughts another way, and would not suffer him to practise medicine out of his house, except among some of his particular friends. He urged him to apply himself to the study of political and religious matters, in which Mr. Locke made so great a progress, that lord Ashley began to consult him upon all occasions.
By his acquaintance with this lord, our author was introduced to the conversation of some of the most eminent persons of that age: The liberty which Mr. Locke took with men of that rank, had something in it very suitable to his character.
Locke was there, after some compliments, cards were brought in, before scarce any conversation had passed between them. Locke looked upon them for some time, while they were at play: One of the lords observing him, asked him what he was writing? Locke had no occasion to read much of this conversation; those noble persons saw the ridicule of it, and diverted Edition: They quitted their play, and entering into rational discourse, spent the rest of their time in a manner more suitable to their character.
In our author attended the earl and countess of Northumberland into France; but did not continue there long, because the earl dying in his journey to Rome, the countess, whom he had left in France with Mr. Locke, came back to England sooner than was at first designed. This province he executed with great care, and to the full satisfaction of his noble patron.
The young lord being of a weakly constitution, his father thought to marry him betimes, lest the family should be extinct by his death. He was too young, and had too little experience, to choose a wife for himself; and lord Ashley having the highest opinion of Mr.
Man and Environment: Essay on Man and Environment
This, it must be owned, was no easy province; for though lord Ashley did not require a great fortune for his son, yet he would have him marry a lady of a good family, an agreeable temper, and a fine person; and above all a lady of good education, and of good understanding, whose conduct would be very different from that of the generality of court-ladies.
Notwithstanding all these difficulties, our author undertook the business, and acquitted himself in it happily. From this marriage sprung seven children, all of them healthy. The eldest son, afterward the noble author of the Characteristics, was committed to the care of Mr. Locke in his education. Here was a great genius, and a great master to direct and guide it, and the success was every way equal to what might be expected.
It is said, that this noble author always Edition: Locke with the highest esteem, and manifested on all occasions a grateful sense of his obligations to him: Thomas, and some other friends, who met frequently in his chamber to converse together on philosophical subjects; but his employments and avocations prevented him from finishing it then—About this time, it is supposed, he was made a fellow of the Royal Society.
We have the ability to do something about it. Therefore, we should make change where change is necessary. Economy The size of our population and its incessant desire to expand has an obvious impact on the environment. However, that impact is magnified with the demands of industry and capitalism.
In his book, Regarding Nature, Andrew McLaughlin identifies industrialism and the capitalist mindset as being especially influential on our regard for nature: Further causing a perceived division from nature is the economic structure we have allowed to infect most of the world. Our relationship with nature has now become purely economic. We do not associate ourselves as a part of nature because we use it for profit.
Forests are cut down for the profits of the lumber industry and to make room for livestock. Animals that we are undoubtedly related to, that have senses and the ability to socialize are slaughtered by the billions to feed an increasingly carnivorous population. Resources such as oil and food are all unevenly distributed throughout the world and therefore used as a platform for profit.
All the while the environment bears the grunt of our greed. In order to reconstruct our views of nature and understand our place within it, it is important to reconsider our relationship with each other and our surroundings. We have to consider ourselves as part of a bigger picture. Industry and capitalism rely heavily on ignorance and individualism.
However, the reality is that we are all dependent upon each other in one way or another. Time for Change Humans play a vital role in nature just like everything else. What separates us from nature though, is the ability to understand our place within it. This cognitive capacity of ours has historically been the cause of a perceived division between man and nature. However, in order to achieve a sustainable future in which humans assume a more natural role and have less of an impact it is imperative that we reconsider our role and relationship with nature.
A change in the way we regard nature has obvious political, economic, and social repercussions, but our cognitive ability obliges us to reevaluate our position in the world rather than continue to degrade it. There are a number of ways in which we can begin to reconsider our relationship with nature, but all of which require an enormous effort. Through a universal education curriculum, it is possible to encourage people everywhere to consider themselves as part of a larger picture. By teaching people about the environment, evolution, and ecology, we can provide them with the tools for change.
Lewis Mumford imagined a social revolution brought about by a change in values through educational reform: In order to bring about necessary change it is critical that people take action. Through a universal environmental education program it is possible to galvanize people into forming new ideas and opinions of the world and to understand their place within it. A universal education program would go a long way in encouraging change in how we view each other and our environment.
Changing attitudes are a primary component in achieving a sustainable future — one in which nature is allowed to run its course without human intervention.
Gregg Easterbrook discusses a similar future in his The Ecorealist Manifesto: In order for the Earth to retain its balance, it is important that we not overstep our bounds as a species. This requires a universal effort to reevaluate our relationship with nature and make adjustments as needed. Conclusion After thousands of years of societal evolution, we find ourselves at the peak of technology and pollution.
We are already seeing the effects of our industrial ways through the extinction of species, the melting of glaciers, and the destruction of the landscape. Our recognition of these effects suggests that our role in nature is far more influential than it should be.
Therefore it is necessary that we make major changes and that we make them soon. Our role within nature should be one of subsistence rather than commercialization. We have exploited the world for too long and the consequences of doing so are everywhere. As everything is related to everything, we have no right to infringe on the livelihood of any other species. In fact, our cognitive ability and understanding of nature obliges us to maintain the integrity of the environment.
So we must change how we influence the land. We must respect the natural order of things and find a way to live accordingly. Although a change in attitudes would require a complete overhaul of our current economic and political structures, it is something that must be done. As history shows, if we continue to encourage expansion and development it is very likely that we will see major effects in climate and ecology.
We have seen the destructive nature of industrialism and capitalism.