BBC - Higher Bitesize History - John Balliol and Edward I : Revision
Biography of King John Balliol of Scotland on Undiscovered Scotland. all of whom could claim some distant connection with the House of Dunkeld. Being Edward, he did attach one small condition: that the juding would take Links Collections · Hotel Reviews · Scotfax · Biography · eBooks · Book Reviews · Bookshop. Appendix C: Selected Documents for John (1) Baffiol. Appendix D: new light on the political roles of John (II) and Edward Balliol and underlines how the family has been relationship with the English crown and the political nature of the family. .. Andrew of Wyntoun, Book 8, Chapter 12, lines '°Barrow. John Balliol (c. – late ), known derisively as Toom Tabard (meaning " empty coat") John Balliol's son Edward Balliol would later exert a claim to the Scottish 1 Name; 2 Early life; 3 Accession as King of Scots; 4 Abdication; 5 Death; 6 Marriage and issue .. Create a book · Download as PDF · Printable version.
The Relationship between John Balliol and Edward I
He demanded homage to be paid towards himself, legal authority over the Scottish King in any disputes brought against him by his own subjects, contribution towards the costs for the defence of England, and military support was expected in his war against France.
He treated Scotland as a feudal vassal state and repeatedly humiliated the new king.
The Scots soon tired of their deeply compromised king; the direction of affairs was allegedly taken out of his hands by the leading men of the kingdom, who appointed a council of twelve—in practice, a new panel of Guardians—at Stirling in July They went on to conclude a treaty of mutual assistance with France—known in later years as the Auld Alliance.
When his baggage was examined at Doverthe Royal Golden Crown and Seal of the Kingdom of Scotland, with many vessels of gold and silver, and a considerable sum of money, were found in his chests.
Edward I ordered that the Crown be offered to St. Thomas the Martyr and that the money be returned to John for the expenses of his journey. But he kept the Seal himself. Over the next few years, there were several Scottish rebellions against Edward for example, in under William Wallace and Andrew Moray.
The Balliol Dynasty
The rebels would use the name of "King John", on the grounds that his abdication had been under duress and therefore invalid. This claim came to look increasingly tenuous, as John's position under nominal house-arrest meant that he could not return to Scotland nor campaign for his release, despite the Scots' diplomatic attempts in Paris and Rome.
Afterhe made no further attempts to extend his personal support to the Scots. Effectively, Scotland was left without a monarch until the accession of Robert the Bruce in John was survived by his son Edward Balliolwho later revived his family's claim to the Scottish throne, received support from the English, and had some temporary successes.
John was also the brother-in-law to John Comyn, who was killed following a scuffle with Robert the Bruce in Februaryat Dumfries Cathedral. Opinion remains divided on who started the fight and who exactly killed Comyn. He was also the founder of Balliol College in Oxford c. Dervorguilla, daughter of Alan, lord of Galloway d. She herself was a wealthy widow, having accumulated lands in England from John, earl of Chester, her uncle, and lands in Galloway from her father. Her marriage to John I in would produce eight children, four sons and four daughters.
In her widowhood, she completed the foundation of Balliol College and also founded Sweetheart Abbey near Dumfries. She died inpassing on her own fortune and lands in England and Scotland to their only remaining son, John.
John Balliol - Wikipedia
John II Balliol c. Until this point, he had remained on his English estates in Northumberland and Durham.
Though being politically inexperienced and seemingly indifferent, the Comyn family stepped in to promote his claims to the throne.
John had married a cousin of King Edward I of England — Isabella, daughter of John de Warenne, earl of Surrey — though she appears to have been dead by the time he succeeded to the throne. He died in November on his ancestral lands in Picardy. His godfather was King Edward I and his early life was probably spent in England or at the royal court.
Ina conspiracy was uncovered involving William de Soules and others who hoped to depose Robert Bruce in favour of Edward Balliol, but the conspirators were duly punished.
Though his reign was marked by war and dissension, he continued an attempted kingship until he formerly abdicated in He then became a pensioner of the English Crown and died in January A betrothal in to Jeanne de Valois, niece of Philip IV of France, never materialised and there is only loose evidence that he ever married, perhaps to Margherita de Taranto, an Italian noblewoman with de Valois links.
Edward I of England d. Edward II of England d. He had probably known Edward Balliol throughout his childhood, though as king, Edward II would not grant Balliol his family estates, meaning that Balliol had to live off the Crown. Edward III of England d. They threw their support to Edward Balliol at the time of his invasion inbut by the s their support had diminished.