Home economics - Wikipedia
Part 4 is devoted to a conceptualization of home economics education which . ( ) definition and mission of home economics) believed that the following McGregor () discusses the relationship between Home Economics and the. Home economics supports the curriculum's vision for our young people. They research topics related to nutrition and ethical food issues, such as Home economics provides vocational and learning pathways for future. Home Economics. ✧ further their studies and lifelong learning in food or fashion-related fields. 9. Through the study of the respective strands, students are .
What Are the Seven Areas of Home Economics?
In order to answer inquiries from people who use or are interested in buying household appliances, they need to know what equipment is available and how it is operated.
The home equipment specialist is trained in household physics, food preparation, nutrition, quantity cooking, demonstration methods, kitchen design, and public speaking. A basic knowledge of advertising, salesmanship, business organization, and labor problems is also needed.
Research Research is being conducted in all areas of home economics. A home economist engaged in research may study, for example, variations in the texture, tenderness, and juiciness of a freeze-dried chicken or the effectiveness of fluorescent whiteners in a laundry detergent. Research home economists may work for colleges and universities, private companies, independent research and testing organizations, or government agencies.
The United States Department of Agriculture employs research home economists with specialties in such fields as family economics, nutrition, and textiles. Home economics research requires an ability to work with precision, thoroughness, and imagination. Most home economics researchers hold a doctoral degree. Welfare Work and Child Development Home economists of varying backgrounds may engage in social work or welfare work with agencies that offer aid to people who cannot adequately care for themselves.What is Home Science ?
Such home economists may help social workers plan corrective measures when money management, diet, or housekeeping standards need to be improved. They may also serve caseworkers by setting up standards and guidelines to help appraise various types of family problems. The child welfare worker deals with children who have problems—particularly children who need to be placed in homes away from their parents and children who have broken the law.
The child welfare worker helps solve problems involving such children by reviewing family records, conducting interviews, visiting homes, and providing information.
Child development is another field associated with home economics. Child development jobs usually involve working with groups of children who attend day-care centers, nursery schools, community centers, Head Start programs, or kindergartens.
The duties of the preschool teacher may include reading stories, supervising play and creative expression periods, and serving lunch. Because preschools stress emotional and social adjustment rather than formal learning, the teacher needs to see that the children interact well. A background in child development or family relations is essential see child development. Teaching The home economics teacher needs a broad home economics background covering all the content areas of home economics, including family relations and child development, interior design, household economics and management, clothing and textiles, and foods and nutrition.
Why study home economics? / Rationale / Health and physical education / Home - Senior Secondary
Prospective teachers are also required to take science, humanities, and social science courses as well as education courses and student teaching. In some states, the entry level home economics teacher has a team of educators who assist him or her to become a certified teacher. The home economists of the Federal Extension Service are also engaged in home economics education.
The programs are designed to bring new information and research findings to people throughout the United States. Most counties of the nation are served by an extension home economist. This information is channeled in many ways to the people in the community. The extension home economist organizes programs for professionals, writes columns for newspapers and magazines, conducts radio and television programs, and works with local extension clubs.
These home economists are involved in programs in nutrition education, care of children and the elderly, family financial management, building family strengths, alcohol traffic safety, and leadership development in public policy. Although extension programs were originally developed for rural families, they are now also provided for large urban communities.
Another type of extension home economist is the youth adviser who works with leaders of 4-H clubs and other youth organizations. The youth adviser makes the latest findings in the field of child development available to all people who work with children see youth organization. The consumer marketing agents also do extension work.
These agents serve producers, retailers, and consumers alike. They check supermarket food prices regularly. After analyzing their data, they tell people—usually through the communications media—which foods are most plentiful and the best buys.
Extension workers may have a variety of backgrounds in home economics. Some have a general home economics background similar to that of home economics teachers; others have majors in specific fields of home economics. Communications Kenji Kerins The home economist with a specialized background and a major in journalism may often find a position in communications. Positions on newspapers and magazines, in public relations and advertising agencies, trade associations, and television and radio stations are available to home economists.
Newspapers often have specific sections devoted to areas such as food or home improvement, and these are staffed by editors and writers who have a broad knowledge of foods, clothing, fashion, or home furnishings. Magazines are usually more specialized than newspapers, and many deal more directly with homemaking topics.
Home economists in editorial work must be able to organize their subject matter logically and to write in a clear and interesting manner. See also magazine and journal ; newspaper. Public relations and advertising agencies also offer a variety of positions to home economists.
The job of persons with a background in home economics who do public relations work for public relations agencies, trade associations, or manufacturers is primarily to bring favorable information about products to the public. Home economists in public relations also supply articles, photographs, films, and other product information to the news media.
It is necessary that this information be presented as interestingly as possible so that it will be used. The job of home economists who work in advertising is similar to that of home economists in public relations, with one exception: The food stylist is a home economist in the communications field who prepares food for photographs and films that may be used in advertisements or articles. It was not until the early s that home economics became an organized area of study, developed by Catherine Beecher and Ellen Swallow Richards who founded the American Association of Family and Consumer Sciences.
It was these pioneering women who first set out the seven areas of home economics in an effort to teach girls how to properly care for a home and family and to open new career avenues. Now known as family and consumer science according to the Los Angeles Times, modern home economics courses now offer a more inclusive education to all students, including those in high school.
Cooking Since food preparation was central to homemaking, cooking is one of the earliest disciplines in home economics. Early home economics programs taught women how to cook a balanced meal, and included food safety and preservation.
Additionally, they studied how to properly set a table and learned how to host meals, not only for their immediate families, but for larger groups as well. This element of traditional economics still exists today for both men and women in culinary schools, culinary programs for family and consumer sciences students, and in nutrition degrees. Child Development In addition to cooking and nutrition, home economics students were taught how to rear children.
For example Brigham Young University had a department from Sometimes it is also taught in primary education. International cooperation in the field is coordinated by the International Federation for Home Economicsestablished in Reifenstein refers to Reifenstein im Eichsfeld, a municipality in Thuringia and site of the first permanent school.
Reifensteiner Verband comprised from till about 15 own schools and cooperated with further operators. About 40 wirtschaftliche Frauenschulen, rural economist women schools were connected to the Reifensteiner concept and movement and allowed higher education for women already in the German Kaiserreich. The field began in schools taught by Western missionaries in the late 19th century. The first college-level department of family science was established at Ewha Womans University in Seoul in United Kingdom[ edit ] In the UKHome Economics was once a GCSE qualification offered to secondary school pupils, but has since been replaced with a course entitled Food and Nutrition which focuses more on the nutritional side of food to economics.
In ScotlandHome Economics was replaced by Hospitality: The awarding body is the SQA. Content[ edit ] Home ec students at Shimer College practice cooking on an electric stove, Situated in the human sciences, home economics draws from a range of disciplines to achieve optimal and sustainable living for individuals, families, and communities. Historically, home economics has been in the context of the home and householdbut this has extended in the 21st century to include the wider living environments as we better understand that the capacities, choices, and priorities of individuals and families impact at all levels, ranging from the household to the local and the global community.
Home economists are concerned with promoting and protecting the well-being of individuals, families, and communities; they facilitate the development of attributes for lifelong learning for paid, unpaid, and voluntary work.
Home economics professionals are advocates for individuals, families, and communities. The content of home economics comes from the synthesis of multiple disciplines.
This interdisciplinary knowledge is essential because the phenomena and challenges of everyday life are not typically one-dimensional. The content of home economics courses vary, but may include: The capacity to draw from such disciplinary diversity is a strength of the profession, allowing for the development of specific interpretations of the field, as relevant to the context.
Cleaning[ edit ] Home cleaning tasks can be separated into four categories: Washing of surfaces is the most dangerous and complicated part because of the cleaning solutions.