US – Azerbaijan Relations: Challenges and Perspectives – Caspian Policy Center
The United States established diplomatic relations with Azerbaijan in , following its independence from the Soviet Union. Together, the two countries work. The relations between Azerbaijan and the US are entering a new stage, said Azerbaijani President Ilham Aliyev, speaking at a meeting of the. Azerbaijan and the United States enjoy a strong strategic partnership founded on shared values and interests. U.S. President Donald Trump, in his letter to.
President Aliyev: Azerbaijan-U.S. relations entering new stage
Washington benefits whenever Europe reduces its dependence on Russia oil and gas. Europe depends on Russian natural gas for 40 percent of its needs. Russia has a track record of using energy as a tool of aggression, and each barrel of oil and cubic meter of gas that Europe can buy from Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, or Turkmenistan is one less that it must depend on from Russia. Currently, there are three major oil and gas pipelines in the region, which bypass Russia and Iran and run through the mile-wide Ganja Gap: These supplies will be a boon to southeastern Europe, which is currently almost percent dependent on the Russian pipelines.
It is not just oil and gas pipelines that connect Europe with the heart of Asia. The second-longest European motorway, the E60, which connects Brest, France, on the Atlantic coast with Irkeshtam, Kyrgyzstan, on the Chinese border, passes through the city of Ganja, as does the east-west rail link in the South Caucasus, the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway. These are set to become potentially vital connections.
The ongoing campaign in Afghanistan has also proven how important the Ganja Gap is for resupplying U. At the peak of the war, more than one-third of U.
A consequence of this approach toward Islamabad might be that the existing ground and air routes through Pakistani territory, on which a majority of U.
Islamabad has blocked supplies once before: All this means that Russia will do anything it can to make it difficult for the West to use the Ganja Gap. One of the ways Russia exerts influence in the South Caucasus in through the various so-called frozen conflicts — especially in the Nagorno-Karabakh region.
The conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan over Nagorno-Karabakh started inwhen Armenia made territorial claims on the region, which sits within Azerbaijan but is populated mostly by ethnic Armenians. The dispute soon resulted in a bloody war that left about 30, people dead and hundreds of thousands more internally displaced. SinceArmenian forces and Armenian-backed militias have occupied almost 20 percent of territory that the international community recognizes as part of Azerbaijan, including Nagorno-Karabakh and all or part of seven other provinces.
Most of the main oil and gas pipelines passing through the Ganja Gap and carrying Caspian energy to Europe are located near the frontlines of the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, where troops for the two sides still face off. Both events, in Georgia and Ukraine, made the U. First, it created the opinion in Baku that as soon as the U. Secondly, it has diminished any good will that the U. Considering the importance of the region to a broader U. It is also an example of a lopsided foreign policy pursued by Washington D.
Yes, there are some human rights issues in the region that should be of concern but this cannot be the sole driver of U. One issue alone, such as human rights, should not trump other aspects of U. There is a lot the U. If done correctly, U. This should be considered in the future.
Why the West Needs Azerbaijan – Foreign Policy
Also, Azerbaijan is long overdue for a Cabinet-level visitors. This could include capacity building in the security sector and better intelligence sharing between the U. Peace talks over Nagorno-Karabakh have been stalled for years, and sadly, the U.
However, remaining silent on the matter offers implicit approval of the status quo. Section of the Freedom Support Act is an unfair impediment to this. Time For a U. Strategy Today the U.
U.S.- Azerbaijan Relations | U.S. Embassy in Azerbaijan
Globally, Azerbaijan is trying to keep a balance between its relations with the West and Russia. Regionally, Azerbaijan has sought to keep a balance between Russia and Iran while striving to preserve its autonomy or independence as much as possible.AZERBAIJAN AMERICA RELATIONSHIP RECEPTION
Azerbaijan will continue to be a regional economic leader in the South Caucasus and an important economic actor in the Caspian region.